How To Teach Kids About Disabilities
How to Teach Kids about Disabilities and Special Needs
Children are always learning, even if you are not consciously teaching them. So lets make sure they get the right information.
So they dont create fear-based hate later on. Allow open conversations in your own, invite them.
C Health Status And Unique Barriers To Care For Women With Disabilities People Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing People Who Are Blind Or Have Vision Impairments And People With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities
Research has shown that certain groups within the disability population sometimes experience specific health disparities and, in some cases, unique and ongoing problems accessing health care. Among many such groups, the following discussion examines specific health and health care problems and issues for four groups: women with disabilities, people who are deaf or hard of hearing, people who are blind or have vision impairments, and people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Elucidating health disparities and barriers to health care for these groups brings into focus the scope and magnitude of difficulties and problems faced by the broader disability community into focus. Moreover, solutions that benefit members of these groups will also have a crosscutting impact on those with multiple impairments and those who belong to specific demographic populations, thereby improving access to care for everyone.
Women experience different challenges to health and wellness than men do. Among women living in the United States, as many as one in five experiences some level of disability, a number that is growing as the population ages. However, there is limited research about the health status, barriers to health care, and level of participation in health and wellness programs of this large and important group.
a. Disability Prevalence Among Women
b. Health Status and Health Experiences
c. Barriers to Health Care
- Health Care Coverage
Treatment Of Intellectual Disability
A child with ID is best cared for by a multidisciplinary team consisting of the following:
Primary care doctor
Other professionals may also be part of the team if necessary. Together with the family, these people develop a comprehensive, individualized program for the child that is begun as soon as the diagnosis of ID is suspected. The parents and siblings of the child also need emotional support and sometimes counseling. The whole family should be an integral part of the program.
The full array of a person’s strengths and weaknesses must be considered in determining what kind of support is needed. Factors such as physical disabilities, personality problems, mental illness, and interpersonal skills are all taken into consideration. People with ID and coexisting mental health disorders such as depression may be given appropriate drugs in dosages similar to those given to those without ID. However, giving a child drugs without doing behavioral therapy and making environmental changes is usually not helpful.
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A group insurance plan in the palm of your hand.
A group insurance plan in the palm of your hand.
Hold A Poster Contest
The NDEAM theme could be the theme for a poster contest for local youth. Such a contest could have different levels for different age groups, and winning entries could be displayed at a central location in the community. In addition, winners could be recognized by community and business leaders at a reception or other event, and media could be invited.
Causes And Risk Factors
Developmental disabilities begin anytime during the developmental period and usually last throughout a persons lifetime. Most developmental disabilities begin before a baby is born, but some can happen after birth because of injury, infection, or other factors.
Most developmental disabilities are thought to be caused by a complex mix of factors. These factors include genetics; parental health and behaviors during pregnancy; complications during birth; infections the mother might have during pregnancy or the baby might have very early in life; and exposure of the mother or child to high levels of environmental toxins, such as lead. For some developmental disabilities, such as fetal alcohol syndrome, which is caused by drinking alcohol during pregnancy, we know the cause. But for most, we dont.
Following are some examples of what we know about specific developmental disabilities:
The Study to Explore Early Development is a multiyear study funded by CDC. It is currently the largest study in the United States to help identify factors that may put children at risk for autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities.
People Are Not Bound By Their Wheelchairs
The term wheelchair-bound is one that is commonly used in mainstream media, and it is one that really irritates many people with disability, and anyone with any knowledge of the Social Model of disability. A person who uses a wheelchair is not bound by the chair; they are enabled and liberated by it it can become an extension of their body. Confined to a wheelchair is equally as negative. We say wheelchair user or person who uses a wheelchair, instead.
Teaching Your Child About Peers With Disabilities
What better day than today to publish this post. Today is the first day of Developmental Disabilities Awareness month.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.
Martin Luther King, Jr., August 28, 1963
Were not quite there yet, are we?
We know that 15-20% of our school children have IEPs. Why are we not teaching kids about disabilities on a regular basis? We owe it to our kids, both the non-disabled and disabled ones. They have to learn how to interact, how to live and work together. This is their future.
Disability Across The Life Course
A life course perspective recognizes that health trajectories are particularly affected at certain times in life: health status results from the cumulative impact of experiences in the past and the present, the environment affects the capacity to be healthy and function effectively in society, and health disparities reflect inequities that go beyond genetics and personal choice. For children and youths, the term special health care needs is used more frequently in public health than disability, and includes many children who experience functional limitations. Children with special health care needs have been defined as
those who have or are at increased risk for a chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, or emotional condition and who also require health and related services of a type or amount beyond that required by children generally.
When youths with disabilities or special health care needs transition from pediatric care into adult service systems, they and their families often encounter major barriers with health systems that are unprepared to provide adequate health care for their complex needs.
Weighted population estimate of adults with disabilities and adults without disabilities by age group: National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2010.
Why Its Important To Raise Awareness Around Disabilities
Much work has been done to try and improve all areas of life for people living with disabilities and huge steps have been taken so its important that this work is continued this week were looking at disability awareness in the UK and why its so important.
Campaigning for Changing Places toilets is just a small part of overall disability awareness work and there are many other areas where people struggle often due to people who dont face difficulties not being aware of the problem areas.
Prognosis Of Intellectual Disability
A person with mild ID has a relatively normal life expectancy, and health care is improving long-term health outcomes for people with all types of intellectual disabilities. Many people with ID can support themselves, can live independently, and can be successfully employed with appropriate support.
Because intellectual disability sometimes coexists with serious physical problems, the life expectancy of people with ID may be shortened, depending on the specific condition. People with more severe intellectual disability are likely to require support for life. In general, the more severe the cognitive disability and the more physical problems the person has, the shorter the life expectancy.
Identification Of Children With Disabilities
Children with disabilities can be identified as needing special education in various ways. Typically, initial suspicions that a child has special learning needs come through school referrals, concerns raised by the childs parents, or the health care system . However, reliably identifying a child as having a disability can be extremely challenging in countries that struggle with community misperceptions of disabilities, limited resources for conducting screenings and evaluation, and the limited availability of skilled professionals who are trained to conduct a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation.
Even within high-income countries, too often only children with relatively severe disabilities are identified prior to reaching school age, and children with less-noticeable disabilities are generally identified after they enter preprimary or primary school . In fact, even in the United States, fewer than one in five children are properly screened and identified as having possible special needs before school . Identifying a disability as early as possible is important, because interventions introduced early are much more likely to lead to long-term gains than those that are implemented later in life . Furthermore, early intervention is linked to several positive life outcomes, such as higher academic performance, increased likelihood of graduating secondary school, and decreased likelihood of committing crimes .
Making Early Grade Reading Tools Accessible.
D Conclusion And Recommendations
The available research that describes the health status and health care experience of people with disabilitiesespecially women with disabilities, people who are deaf or hard of hearing, people who are blind or have vision impairments, and people with intellectual and developmental disabilitiespresents a stark picture of health and health care disparities, preventable secondary disease, and diminished quality of life for many. While additional research is required to inform effective long-term public policy responses, immediate action should be taken in response to what is already known. Specifically, the structural and environmental problems and barriers to health and health care services and programs that people with disabilities experience every day demand targeted actions and reforms that will have an immediate impact, as well as long-term, comprehensive reform.
The Medicare program is structured in four parts. Part A is known as the Hospital Insurance program and covers inpatient hospital services and care at skilled nursing facilities, home health care, and hospice care. Part B, known as “Supplementary Medical Insurance,” is voluntary, requires payment of beneficiary premiums, and covers physician, outpatient, home health, and preventive services, including diagnostic screenings and imaging such as mammography and durable medical equipment such as wheelchairs and ventilators.
Design Implement And Communicate Fair Systems For Staff To Raise Or Address Issues Or Complaints Including Performance Management Issues
You should clearly communicate policies regarding behavioral expectations, performance standards, and how to report disparate treatment or discrimination.
Remember to hold all employees to the same performance standards and expectations, and communicate those clearly. Employees with disabilities should not be held to either higher or lower expectations than others and their performance successes and challenges should be responded to and addressed in same manner as other employees.
Disabilities Inclusive Education Systems And Policies Guide For Low
Anne M. Hayes and Jennae Bulat.
Having a disability can be one of the most marginalizing factors in a childs life. In education, finding ways to meet the learning needs of students with disabilities can be challenging, especially in schools, districts, regions, and countries with severely limited resources. Inclusive educationwhich fully engages all students, including students with disabilities or other learning challenges, in quality educationhas proven particularly effective in helping all students learn, even while challenges to implementing inclusive education systems remain. This guide provides suggestions for developing inclusive education systems and policies, especially for low- and middle-income countries that are moving from a segregated system toward an inclusive system of education. We specifically address the needs of countries with limited resources for implementing inclusive education. However, our strategies and recommendations can be equally useful in other contexts where inclusive education practices have not yet been adopted.
Inclusive Teaching And Learning Materials
Use language that stresses the person first and the disability second .
Promote empathy and an overall feeling of understanding for people with disabilities, as well as provide accurate information about a specific disability.
Demonstrate respect for and acceptance of people with disabilities, and depict them as more similar than different from other people .
Emphasize the successes of people with disabilities and show their strengths and abilities along with their disabilities.
Promote positive images of persons with disabilities and represent them as strong, independent people, who others can look up to or admire.
Represent people with disabilities from different racial and cultural backgrounds, religions, and age groups, as well as rural versus urban representations.
Illustrate characters and adaptive equipment accurately.
Invite Employees To Disclose Their Disability Through Voluntary Surveys
Voluntary surveys that gather data about applicant and employee demographics and perceptions of workplace climate and culture can help employers measure whether they are meeting hiring or retention goals. When collecting this information:
- Be clear about the purpose of the survey .
- Ensure that the survey is voluntary and employees are not forced or coerced into responding to it.
- Be clear about the benefits to employees in sharing this information.
For example, include a disclaimer on the survey that explains the companys desire to diversify its workforce, support all employees equally and learn more about employees in order to assess whether efforts to recruit and retain individuals with disabilities and other minority groups are proving successful. Federal contractors must use the voluntary self-identification of disability form approved by the U.S. Department of Labors Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs under Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act. This form cannot be altered.
It is important to note that invitations to self-identify as individuals with disabilities are permissible only when the question is being asked for affirmative action purposes such as those prescribed by Section 503 or a voluntarily adopted program.
Mental Health Disabilities And Addictions
Although mental health disability is a form of non-evident disability, it raises particular issues that merit independent consideration. Section 10 of the Code expressly includes mental health disabilities. The courts have confirmed that addictions to drugs or alcohol are protected by the Code. People with mental health disabilities and addictions face a high degree of stigmatization and significant barriers. Stigmatization can foster a climate that exacerbates stress, and may trigger or worsen the persons condition. It may also mean that someone who has a problem and needs help may not seek it, for fear of being labelled.
The distinct and serious issues faced by people with mental health disabilities and addictions prompted the OHRC to hold a province-wide consultation specifically on discrimination based on mental health. In 2012, the OHRC published its findings in a consultation report entitled Minds That Matter. The OHRC relied on these findings, as well as on developments in the law, international trends and social science research to inform its Policy on preventing discrimination based on mental health disabilities and addictions , which was released in 2014.
The OHRCs Mental Health Policy provides user-friendly guidance to organizations on how to define, assess, handle and resolve human rights issues related to mental health and addiction disabilities. It also addresses:
Teaching Kids About Disabilities
When readers find this post, I am often asked about disability awareness activities for adults. Definitely needed! I hear you. But I was unable to find any disability awareness activities for adults, so you may want to adapt these to an older audience. I know it is very needed in the workplace.
Myth 4 When Faced With Limited Resources Inclusive Education Can And Should Only Be Addressed Once The Education Of Normal Students Is Achieved
Many practitioners are reluctant to include children with disabilities within their general education programs because they are concerned that doing so might distract from the educational needs of students without disabilities. Prioritizing education based on a childs disability or other factors, such as gender, race, ethnicity, or sexual orientation, is discriminatory and should not be supported by the international development community. Creating an education system that does not serve all of a countrys children and youth is not only unethical, a social injustice, and contradictory to most countries internal laws, international policies, and the UN Sustainable Development Goals , it is also a financial liability for a country, as illustrated above.
Issues In Sport For Persons With A Disability
A recent study revealed that the membership of persons with a disability in national sport organizations was less than 1%.Footnote 10 Barriers to sport participation faced by persons with a disability are many-sided and coping with them requires a high level of personal commitment and, more importantly, resources. For example, sport training for persons with a disability is often more expensive than it is for their able-bodied counterparts due to special transportation needs, specialized equipment and requirements for personal care support and other personnel specific to sport for persons with a disability.
Some environmental conditions are more conducive than others to the participation of persons with a disability in sport. Difficult or harsh climatic factors may represent even larger obstacles to sport participation for persons with a disability than for able-bodied participants.
Creating an interest in sport participation among persons with a disability is often more difficult due to a lack of adapted awareness and first contact programs. Recruitment is problematic due to difficulties in identifying and reaching large numbers of potential participants. Persons with a congenital disability may never have had the opportunity to learn fundamental movement skills and stay away from sport for that reason, and persons who acquire a disability may have no knowledge of what sports are available to them.
Role Of The Funding Source
Dr Magnusson’s contribution to this study was made possible by the Health Resources and Services Administration of the US Department of Health and Human Services under HRSA T32HP10004: Training for Careers in Pediatric Primary Care Research, sponsored by a National Research Service Award, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The information/content and conclusions are those of the authors and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by, HRSA, HHS, or the US government. The funding source was not involved in the study design; the collection, analysis, or interpretation of the data; the writing of the report; or the decision to submit the article for publication.
Enhance Recruitment Efforts To Better Target And Appeal To Job Seekers With Disabilities
There are a wide range of tactics employers can use to increase the appeal of their organization to jobseekers with disabilities, including:
- Posting positions on online disability-affiliated job boards.
- Partnering with local agencies and service providers who assist jobseekers with disabilities .
- Tapping into local colleges and universities to recruit college interns or graduates with disabilities.
- Exploring internship programs geared toward students with disabilities such as the Workforce Recruitment Program.
- Including an invitation to individuals with disabilities to apply as part of your standard equal employment opportunity statements in recruitment materials.
- Indicating through recruitment materials your willingness to provide accommodations during the hiring and interviewing processes.
- Advertising the existence of employee resource or affinity groups, particularly any geared toward employees with a disability interest, as part of your companys benefits and professional development opportunities.
- Evaluating applicant screening processes to ensure that those practices do not unintentionally exclude people with disabilities.
- Ensuring hiring staff are aware of appropriate and legal interview practices and guidelines.
Materials On Disability Etiquette
Tips on interacting with people who have disabilities.From the United Spinal Association, this series of resource pages covers the basics, gives terminology tips, and includes closer looks at etiquette for interaction with people who have a range of different disabilities.http://www.unitedspinal.org/disability-etiquette/
Disability etiquette brochure.Much more than a brochure, this online publication gives tips on interacting with people across a diversity of disabilities, including individuals who use wheelchairs and those with cognitive impairments, speech difficulties, deafness or hearing impairments, visual impairments, or blindness. Youll also find etiquette tips about service animals, appropriate language, talking about disabilities, and common courtesies. Brochure is available in English and in Spanish.
Etiquette, according to Easter Seals.
Disability A Public Health Issue
Over 1 billion people are estimated to live with some form of disability. This corresponds to about 15% of the world’s population, with up to 190 million people aged 15 years and older having significant difficulties in functioning, often requiring healthcare services. The number of people living with disability is increasing, in part due to ageing populations and an increase in chronic health conditions.
Disability is extremely diverse. While some health conditions associated with disability result in poor health and extensive healthcare needs, others do not. However, all people with disability have the same general healthcare needs as everyone else, and therefore need access to mainstream healthcare services. Article 25 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities reinforces the right of persons with disability to attain the highest standard of healthcare, without discrimination. However, the reality is that few countries provide adequate quality services for people with disability.
Developmental Monitoring And Screening
A childs growth and development are followed through a partnership between parents and health care professionals. At each well-child visit, the doctor looks for developmental delays or problems and talks with the parents about any concerns the parents might have. This is called developmental monitoring.
Any problems noticed during developmental monitoring should be followed up with developmental screening. Developmental screening is a short test to tell if a child is learning basic skills when he or she should, or if there are delays.
If a child has a developmental delay, it is important to get help as soon as possible. Early identification and intervention can have a significant impact on a childs ability to learn new skills, as well as reduce the need for costly interventions over time.
What Is The Difference Between Activity Limitation And Participation Restriction
The World Health Organization published the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in 2001. The ICF provides a standard language for classifying body function and structure, activity, participation levels, and conditions in the world around us that influence health. This description helps to assess the health, functioning, activities, and factors in the environment that either help or create barriers for people to fully participate in society.
According to the ICF:
- Activity is the execution of a task or action by an individual.
- Participation is a persons involvement in a life situation.
The ICF acknowledges that the distinction between these two categories is somewhat unclear and combines them, although basically, activities take place at a personal level and participation involves engagement in life roles, such as employment, education, or relationships. Activity limitations and participation restrictions have to do with difficulties an individual experiences in performing tasks and engaging in social roles. Activities and participation can be made easier or more difficult as a result of environmental factors, such as technology, support and relationships, services, policies, or the beliefs of others.
The ICF includes the following in the categories of activities and participation: