Stigma And The Social Construction Of Disability
If baby boomers who have not learned electroniccommunication become a despised, as opposed to merely statistical,minority, and if, as a result, they become cut off from friends andacquaintances who rely on email and social media for long-distancecommunication, and who dismiss them as luddites and fogeys, they willlearn something about the social construction of disability. They willlearn even more if they cannot cross the digital divideor can do so only at considerable economic cost or cognitive strain,or if they are still regarded as luddites and fogeys even when theydo. They will experience something of the stigma and discriminationthat cut across impairments.
The second type of disability experience, then, is of attitudinalbarriers to ordinary activity that are facts of life for people withdisabilities. According to the social model, which highlights thesebarriers, the disability experience that links peoplewith cystic fibrosis to people with epilepsy, learning disabilities,or cerebral palsy is one of having to deal daily with the largelynegative responses of others. These negative responses involve severalelements. The most discussed is overt stigmatization anddiscrimination: being treated as a social outcast, losing out on jobs,friends, or partners, because other people do not want to interactwith a person with a disability, or enduring grossly inadequateaccommodation because reasonable accommodation is thought too costlyor troublesome.
Annex 1a: Defining Disability In Canada
The Government of Canada does not have a single, official definition of disability . However, it is advisable to consult the definitions of disability used by the World Health Organization and by the United Nations in its Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
According to the WHO, disabilities are not defined in terms of specific categories of individuals, but rather as the interactions between people and the societies in which they live. For a complete explanation of the WHO’s approach to disability, please consult the following link:
How Does The Government Of Canada Define Disability
Taking the first step in applying for disability benefits may seem like a big move. But dont let this stop you its easier than you think. In fact, you can accomplish this from where you are sitting right now.
To start the process of applying for Canadas disability tax benefits, research how the government of Canada defines disability.
Recommended Reading: How To Change Va Disability Direct Deposit
Models Decisions And Policies
The medical and social models suggest different views about the impact of disability on well-being, anddifferent views about how disability is relevant to reproductivedecisions, medical interventions, and social policy. Those who accepta social model of disability regard the association between disabilityand well-being as highly contingent, mediated by a variety ofenvironmental and social factors. They question conceptions ofwell-being that give a central role to the possession or exercise ofthe standard array of physical and mental functions, as thoseconceptions imply, or are often taken to imply, that well-being isprecluded or diminished merely by the absence or limitation of thosefunctions. As a result, theygenerally see the disadvantages of disability not only as externallycaused, but as less formidable than they appear to people who viewdisability in largely biomedical terms. These differences arereflected in the conflicting assessments of life with disabilitiesfound in the bioethics and public policy literature on the one hand,and disability scholarship on the other .
What Is The International Classification Of Functioning Disability And Health
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, also known as ICF, is a classification of the health components of functioning and disability. The World Health Assembly on May 22nd, 2001, approved the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and its abbreviation of “ICF.” This classification was first created in 1980 and then called the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps, or ICIDH by WHO to provide a unifying framework for classifying the health components of functioning and disability. The World Health Organization published the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in 2001 that covers
You May Like: What Information Do Medical And Disability Awareness Groups Present
Words Matter And Its Time To Explore The Meaning Of Ableism
If you read more than one or two articles on disability issues, or talk to just about any disability rights activist, you will run across the word ableism. The word does a lot of work for disability culture. It carries the weight of the worst of what plagues disabled people the most, but can be so hard to express.
But for that reason, ableism can also seem like an overworked term. It often adds as much confusion and dissension to disability discourse as it does clarity and purpose. While it gives voice and substance to very real beliefs and experiences, the word ableism can also feel like a rhetorical weapon meant to discredit people at a stroke for an offensiveness that many people simply dont see or agree exists.
But as any disabled person will tell you, ableism, or something like it absolutely exists. Having a word to talk about it is essential to understanding it and fighting it.
What, exactly is ableism, or what is it supposed to be? We may as well start with textbook definitions of ableism …
Wikipedia: Ableism , anapirophobia, anapirism, and disability discrimination) is discrimination and social prejudice against people with disabilities or who are perceived to have disabilities. Ableism characterizes persons as defined by their disabilities and as inferior to the non-disabled. On this basis, people are assigned or denied certain perceived abilities, skills, or character orientations.
What Is Disability Insurance
As its name suggests, disability insurance is a type of insurance product that provides income in the event that a policyholder is prevented from working and earning an income due to a disability.
In the United States, individuals can obtain disability insurance from the government through the Social Security System. They can also purchase disability insurance from private insurers.
Don’t Miss: California Disability Benefit Amount
Examples Of Learning Disability In A Sentence
learning disabilityCNNlearning disabilityTimelearning disabilityCNNlearning disabilityBostonGlobe.comlearning disabilityajclearning disabilityStar Tribunelearning disabilityajclearning disabilityStar Tribune
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘learning disability.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Mental Health Disabilities And Addictions
Although mental health disability is a form of non-evident disability, it raises particular issues that merit independent consideration. Section 10 of the Code expressly includes mental health disabilities. The courts have confirmed that addictions to drugs or alcohol are protected by the Code. People with mental health disabilities and addictions face a high degree of stigmatization and significant barriers. Stigmatization can foster a climate that exacerbates stress, and may trigger or worsen the persons condition. It may also mean that someone who has a problem and needs help may not seek it, for fear of being labelled.
The distinct and serious issues faced by people with mental health disabilities and addictions prompted the OHRC to hold a province-wide consultation specifically on discrimination based on mental health. In 2012, the OHRC published its findings in a consultation report entitled Minds That Matter. The OHRC relied on these findings, as well as on developments in the law, international trends and social science research to inform its Policy on preventing discrimination based on mental health disabilities and addictions , which was released in 2014.
The OHRCs Mental Health Policy provides user-friendly guidance to organizations on how to define, assess, handle and resolve human rights issues related to mental health and addiction disabilities. It also addresses:
You May Like: Va Disability Rating For Bulging Disc
How Disability Insurance Works
Oftentimes, insurance products will protect against a specific loss, such as when a property and casualty insurance plan reimburses the policyholder for the value of stolen property. However, in the case of disability insurance, this compensation relates to the lost income caused by a disability.
For example, if a worker earned $50,000 per year prior to becoming disabled, and if their disability prevents them from continuing to work, their disability insurance would compensate them for a portion of their lost income provided that they qualify. In this sense, disability insurance essentially covers the opportunity cost of the now-disabled worker.
In practice, there are many conditions that a policyholder must satisfy in order to receive these payments. This is particularly true in regard to the U.S. Social Security System. To qualify for government-sponsored disability insurance, applicants must prove that their disability is so severe that it prevents them from engaging in any type of meaningful work at all.
The Disability Reference Guide: Its Purpose And Function
The Disability Reference Guide is a tool for identifying, clarifying and promoting policies to address issues that affect people with disabilities. While the objective of the Guide is to help ensure that federal programs , policies and services maintain or enhance the social and economic inclusion of people with disabilities , much of the Guides content may be of use to other governments, organizations or institutions.
The Guide can help to ensure that legislation, policies, programs and services:
- are inclusive of people with disabilities
- respect the rights and needs of people with disabilities and,
- promote positive attitudes and raise awareness about the needs of people with disabilities in order to prevent unintended negative outcomes.
Electing to use the Guide will help employees to:
- systematically assess and address the impacts of all initiatives on people with disabilities
- obtain a more nuanced understanding of the multi-dimensional challenges that impact people with disabilities
- build partnerships across government departments, and with NGOs and other stakeholders that work with and represent people with disabilities and,
- act as a resource in the creation of policies and programs that reflect of the rights and needs of people with disabilities.
Recommended Reading: How To Calculate Disability Retirement Pay
Im Right And Youre Wrong: Social Media Sins
These definitions are fine as far as they go. But its always useful to try coming up with our own definitions, based on real-life experiences of disability. For example, ableism is:
Any statement or behavior directed at a disabled person that denigrates or assumes a lesser status for the person because of their disability.
Social habits, practices, regulations, laws, and institutions that operate under the assumption that disabled people are inherently less capable overall, less valuable in society, and / or should have less personal autonomy than is ordinarily granted to people of the same age.
These two definitions point towards an important dual nature for ableism. In one sense it is about individual behavior, but it is also about social structures and institutions. Its important to explore the essential components both.
1. Feeling instinctively uncomfortable around disabled people, or anyone who seems strange in ways that might be connected to a disability of some kind. This manifests in hundreds of ways, and can include:
Being nervous, clumsy, and awkward around people in wheelchairs.
Being viscerally disgusted by people whose bodies appear to be very different or deformed.
Avoiding talking to disabled people in order to avoid some kind of feared embarrassment.
2. Holding stereotypical views about disabled people in general, or about certain sub-groups of disabled people. For example:
Six Common Definitions Of Total Disability
There are six common definitions of total disability:
1. Own OccupationThis definition of total disability requires that, directly because of injury or illness, you are unable to perform the important duties of your occupation. Own occupation looks at your ability to perform your specific job duties. Being able to perform other tasks does not disqualify you from receiving benefits.
This is the most generous definition of total disability. Policies that define total disability in terms of own occupation are also the most expensive. They tend be available only to individuals at the top of their occupational field such as CEOs or specialized surgeons.
2. Regular OccupationThe regular occupation definition of total disability is the most common definition offered in insurance policies. It is similar to own occupation except that it is broader in the types of employment you may have to pursue.
Being unable to perform the specific duties of your occupation alone does not entitle you to total disability insurance benefits. However, you would not be expected to take on employment unsuited to your skill and education level. For example, an injured industrial electrician would not be required to take on a job as a cashier but may be required to find employment as an electrician in another, less physically-demanding sector of the industry.
Employment Lawyers Can Help You Receive Your Maximum Benefits
Also Check: How Much Do You Get On Disability In California
Examples Of Disability In A Sentence
disabilitydisabilitiesdisabilitiesdisabilityon disabilitydisability The New Republicdisability The Salt Lake Tribunedisability Dallas Newsdisability Los Angeles Timesdisability Dallas Newsdisability San Francisco Chronicledisability Timedisability refinery29.com
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘disability.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Your Insurance Policy Defines Your Total Disability Entitlements
The specific details of what is considered total disability will vary depending on your disability insurance plan. Your plan will define your entitlement to disability benefits based on your ability to perform work either in your job, your field, or the labour force in general.
While the specific parameters of what it means to be totally disabled will vary from one policy to the next, it generally means that you are unable to reasonably perform the regular functions of your usual job. However, depending on your insurance policys total disability definition, your ability to perform work other than the job you were doing at the time you became ill or injured may impact your benefit entitlements.
Some policies only require that you be unable to do your specific job in order to be considered totally disabled. Others, by contrast, may require that you be unable to perform other work even if it is outside your field of interest or expertise in order to qualify for total disability benefits.
All insurance policies, however, will require that you receive the appropriate care from a qualified physician in order to qualify for total disability benefits.
Don’t Miss: How Do I Change My Veterans Disability Direct Deposit
Definition Of Disability In Various Countries
According to the Equality Act 2010, the United Kingdom defines disability as A person has a disability for the purposes of the Act if he or she has a physical or mental impairment and the impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.
Definition of disability in the United States is quite accommodating. The Americans with Disabilities Act defines a persons with disability as a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.
Worlds most populous nation, China defines disability as a disabled person refers to the one who suffers from abnormalities or loss of a certain organ or function, psychologically or physiologically, or in anatomical structure and who has lost wholly or in part the ability to engage in activities in a normal way.
In Canada, according to the Canadian Human Rights Act, disability is defined as a physical or mental condition that is permanent, episodic, ongoing, or of some persistence that is significant enough to limit a persons ability to carry important life activities.
Under Disability Discrimination Act 1992, Australia defines disability as below:
The term disability has been defined by the Brazilian Law on the Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities. The law recognizes a person as a disabled person if
What Is The Definition Of Disability Under The Ada
It is important to remember that in the context of the ADA, disability is a legal term rather than a medical one. Because it has a legal definition, the ADAs definition of disability is different from how disability is defined under some other laws, such as for Social Security Disability related benefits.
The ADA defines a person with a disability as a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity. This includes people who have a record of such an impairment, even if they do not currently have a disability. It also includes individuals who do not have a disability but are regarded as having a disability. The ADA also makes it unlawful to discriminate against a person based on that persons association with a person with a disability.
For additional information, take a look at the following resources:
Don’t Miss: How Much Is Social Security Disability In California
Patient Discussion About Disability
Q. Is it true that fibromyalgia is a disability? I haven’t worked long enough to draw my regular social security, the fibromyalgia i have had since 1996 keeps me from working, so why can’t i get ssi and some health insurance please help me.
Q. What kind of job would suit a person with a disability like arthritis? My Dad is settled in USA, and he suffers from Rheumatoid Arthritis. Can anyone suggest me a job which he can take up, which he can do, without too much of physical work? He is well educated and was a teacher in India, but he is waiting for his certificates to get to USA, to apply for teaching positions.
Q. Could ADHD be the reason my nine year old can not read or tell the difference between 16 and 60? My nine year old can not read or remember how to spell little words like as and on. She also has major problems with complicated sorting that other child younger then her can do. The school says it is because she is not on medication for her ADHD. She has a younger sister who has ADHD and is not on medication and she is doing well in school. Can ADHD cause all her problems or is there something else going on.