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How To Calculate Disability Retirement Pay

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Use An Ssdi Back Pay Calculator To Determine Your Benefits

An SSDI back pay calculator can help you understand how you will be compensated for the time it takes for your Social Security Disability benefits claim to be approved.

However, it is important to note that there are various types of back payments, and these will vary according to whether you apply for SSI or SSDI.

At Crest SSD, we specialize in helping individuals win disability claims and be awarded the compensation you deserve. If you have questions about how this works, please complete this form or There are no upfront costs to work with us. We only receive a fee directly from the Social Security Administration if you win your case no out-of-pocket expense for you!

What Is Va Disability Rate

VA disability pay is a tax-free monetary reward provided for military veterans on month-to-month basis because of for their service-related disability. The purpose would be to compensate them to the lowered life quality as well as civilian employability.

The compensation may be assigned for post-service disabilities also when they are considered for being secondary or connected to throughout the service and linked to the service circumstances that may arise later in everyday life.

The VA Disability Retirement Pay Calculator is set and altered from the Department of Veterans Affairs based mostly on Cost-of-Living-Adjustments . You could use tables of compensation benefits rate, which also presented in this article to compute your month to month payment according for your individual situations.

What You Need To Know About Va Combined Disability Ratings

In cases where the VA must rate a veteran for more than one medical issue, the VA uses a combined ratings table to determine the final percentage.

The VA points out that its disability system is not additive, which the VA official site explains means that if a Veteran has one disability rated 60% and a second disability 20%, the combined rating is not 80%. This is because subsequent disability ratings are applied to an already disabled Veteran, so the 20% disability is applied to a Veteran who is already 60% disabled.

The VA Combined Ratings Table is a tool used by the VA to make the combined rating determination. The table is lengthy and requires each disability to be listed in order of severity and the VA rater follows a procedure using the ratings matched with the table to arrive at the accurate combined disability percentage. The VA official site offers an example of how this calculation is made:

  • A veteran is rated with a 50% disability and is also rated with a different medical condition at 30%
  • According to VA calculations, the combined value will be found to be 65 percent, BUT
  • The 65 percent must be converted to 70 percent to represent the final degree of disability
  • In a different example on the VA official site, a veteran rated with two disabilities at 40% and 20% requires a calculation to arrive at the combined value of 52%
  • The 52% must be converted to the nearest degree divisible by 10, which is 50%.

The Permanent Disability Retired List

Those who are determined to have a medical disability rated at 30% or greater or who have served more than 20 years are placed on the Permanent Disability Retired List. Like those on the Temporary list, these retirees are given the same retirement benefits their non-medically retired colleagues enjoy. For those on the Permanent list, retirement pay is calculated in one of two ways:

  • The disability rating percentage, or Method A
  • Your years of active service, or Method B
  • Those who were transferred from the Temporary list to the Permanent list have their pay recalculated using the most current disability percentage rating

Choosing Whether To Waive Va Or Dod Benefits


You can choose whether to waive your disability retirement pay from the military or your disability compensation benefits from the VA. Since disability compensation does not get taxed and retirement pay does, it often makes sense to waive the DOD pay and accept the VA compensation. But this is not true in all cases.

Even if you waive your DOD pay, you and your dependents will still receive medical benefits from the DOD, as long as your disability has been rated at least 30%.

Eligible For The Hazardous Duty Supplement

If you have at least 20 years of eligible hazardous duty service credit, you may qualify for the hazardous duty supplement as part of your service retirement benefit. You are not eligible to receive a hazardous duty supplement if you retire on disability. If you qualify for the supplement, compare your estimated disability retirement benefit with your service retirement benefit, including the supplement, before applying for disability retirement to determine which type of retirement is best for you. Your human resource office can assist you. You can also create retirement benefit estimates through .

Step 5 Calculate Your Retirement For Benefit Calculation

This is the easiest step. Just take 25% of the AMPE that you calculated in Step 4.

The result of this step is the amount that your monthly CPP retirement pension will be, if your pension is starting the month after you turn 65.

NOTE: For retirement pensions starting in 2019 or later and if the contributor has pensionable earnings in 2019 or subsequent years, this step will include additional calculations under the enhanced CPP changes. Watch this article for further details on these additional calculations in the near future.

Determine Payments After Age 62

Figure out your disability payments starting at age 62. Increase your years of actual service by the time between your disability retirement and the age of 62. Add cost-of-living adjustments provided over that same time period to your high-three salary. The federal government provides this adjustment as the cost of living increases.

Multiply that high-three salary by 1 percent for each year of service if you have less than 20 years. Multiply by 1.1 percent if you have at least 20 years.

What Is The Average Pension Of A Federal Employee

The average civilian federal employee who retired in fiscal 2016 was 61.5 years old and had completed 26.8 years of federal service. The average monthly annuity payment for workers who retired under CSRS in fiscal year 2018 was $ 4,973. Workers who retired under FERS received an average monthly annuity of $ 1,834.

Basic Pay And Retirement Pay

Calculating military retirement pay starts with your basic pay, which is the monthly salary on active duty. If you first entered military service on or before September 8, 1980, your final basic pay is multiplied by a percentage called a multiplier to determine retirement pay. If your entry date was later, the monthly average basic pay of your 36 months with the highest pay is used. Basic pay rates depend on rank and years of service. For example, a captain in the Navy or Coast Guard or a colonel in the other services is pay grade O-6. If she serves for 30 years, the basic active duty pay rate was $10,952.40 per month in 2015.

After You Submit Your Application

We’ll send you an acknowledgment letter after we receive your retirement application. We may also contact you if we have questions or need additional information.

Approximately two weeks before your first retirement warrant, weâll mail you a First Payment Acknowledgment Letter that provides important information about your service retirement, including the date and amount of your first retirement check.

You may sign up to receive your retirement checks through direct deposit at the same time you submit your retirement application. To set up direct deposit online, log in to . Go to the Retirement tab and select Payment Options. Alternatively, you can complete and mail the Direct Deposit Authorization to:

CalPERS Benefit Services Division

Tips For Retirement Planning

  • Consider talking to a financial advisor about the best ways to make the most of the federal retirement benefits you may be eligible for. If you dont have a financial advisor yet, finding one doesnt have to be complicated. With SmartAssets financial advisor matching tool, you can get personalized recommendations for professional advisors in your local area. You just need to answer a few simple questions to get started.
  • One key to successful retirement planning is knowing what your Social Security playments will be. A Social Security calculator can quickly give you a good idea of what your monthly payments will be.

Photo credit: © Zigic, © Pantip, © Trade

Rebecca Lake

Calculating The Cola For Fers

Military Reservist Pay Chart 2020

  • For Federal Employees Retirement System or FERS Special benefits, if the increase in the CPI is 2 percent or less, the Cost-of-Living Adjustment is equal to the CPI increase.
  • If the CPI increase is more than 2 percent but no more than 3 percent, the Cost-of-Living Adjustment is 2 percent.
  • If the CPI increase is more than 3 percent, the adjustment is 1 percent less than the CPI increase. The new amount is rounded down to the next whole dollar. 
  • To get the full COLA, a retiree or survivor annuitant must have been in receipt of payment for a full year.
  • If a person has not received the payment for a full year, the increase is prorated under both plans. Prorated accounts receive one-twelfth of the increase for each month they received benefits. Cost-of-Living Adjustments were first prorated in April 1982.
  • Adjustments to benefits for children are never prorated. 
  • Federal Employees Retirement System and FERS Special Cost-of-Living Adjustments are not provided until age 62, except for disability, survivor benefits, and other special provision retirements.
  • FERS disability retirees get the adjustment, except when they are receiving a disability annuity based on 60 percent of their high-3 average salary.
  • Also, under FERS, if you have a CSRS component, the component is subject to the CSRS COLA calculation.

Concurrent Retirement And Disability Pay

If you have served more than twenty years at the time you are medically retired, if you are eligible, you can have minimize the loss of retirement pay through Concurrent Retirement and Disability Pay . In addition to twenty years of service, eligibility for CRDP also requires that you have a service-connected medical condition rated at least 50%.

CRDP is calculated based on the percentage rating of your service-connected disability. Like military retired pay, CRDP benefits are taxable. Your CRDP benefits can’t exceed the amount your retirement pay would have been if your retirement pay was based only on your years of service. For more information about the amount you can receive, call the Defense Finance and Accounting Service at 800-321-1080 or visit the DFAS website.

See Nolo’s article on Concurrent Retirement and Disability Pay to learn more.

When Can I Apply

There are no minimum requirements for age or service under VRS disability retirement. You can apply from the first day of employment or within 90 days of your last day of employment. If you are on leave without pay, you have up to 24 consecutive months on leave without pay to apply for disability retirement; after 24 months, you are no longer eligible to apply. If you are on active duty military leave, you can apply at any time while on military leave, even if it exceeds 24 months.

If You Are Getting Other Benefits

If you get both a CPP survivor’s pension and a disability benefit, they will be combined into a single monthly payment. The total amount you get cannot be greater than $1,413.66 per month .

If you are receiving both a retirement and survivor pension, and are then granted a post-retirement disability benefit, you will receive the higher amount of the survivor or post-retirement disability benefit flat rate.

How Are Fers Disability Retirement Benefits Calculated

Under the regular federal retirement benefit system, the basic annuity formula is based on age at retirement and years of service. If you retire under age 62 or at age 62 or older with less than 20 years of service, benefits are based on 1% of your high-3 average salary for each year of service. If you retire at age 62 or older with more than 20 years of service then benefits are based on 1.1% of your high-3 average salary for each year of service. However, the amount you can receive in federal disability retirement benefits can depend on your age and the years of service you have when you retire.

Here are some examples of how FERS disability benefits can be calculated.

Scenario #1: Youre age 62 or older at retirement and meet age and service requirements for voluntary retirement.

  • If youre 62 or older with less than 20 years of service you receive 1% of your high-3 average salary for each year of service
  • If youre 62 or older with 20 or more years of service you receive 1.1% of your high-3 average salary for each year of service

High-3 refers to the average of your salary for the three consecutive years where you earned the most. Typically, these are the final years of service but it can be any three consecutive years in which you had the highest earnings.

Scenario #2: Youre under age 62 at retirement and not eligible for immediate voluntary retirement

Continuing Benefits & Deductions

Health Coverage

If you’re currently a member of the CalPERS Health Program, you must meet specific requirements to continue your health insurance coverage into retirement, or maintain the right to re-enroll in the future after retirement.

To continue your CalPERS health benefit coverage after retirement, you must meet both of the criteria below:

  • Be enrolled in a CalPERS health plan upon separation from employment, either in your own name or as a dependent
  • Retire within 120 days of your separation from employment

If you don’t meet both requirements before you retire, you’ll lose all future rights to be in the CalPERS Health Program. If your family members are included in your CalPERS health plan at the time of your death, their enrollment will continue automatically if they’re eligible for and receive a monthly allowance.

Public Agency or School Members

If your employer doesn’t contract with CalPERS for health benefits, contact your employer to determine if your benefits will continue.

Dental Coverage

To continue dental coverage into retirement, you must:

  • Be enrolled in a state-sponsored dental plan on the date of your separation from employment
  • Retire within 120 days of your separation

Long-Term Care

If you’re enrolled in CalPERS Long-Term Care and have premiums deducted from your paycheck, you’ll need to call 982-1775 before you retire to find out how to continue your premium deductions.

Other Deduction Payments

How Are Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits Calculated

SSDI is a benefit for disabled workers who have sufficiently paid into the Social Security system over the course of their employment. You must have earned a certain number of work credits to qualify for benefits if you become disabled before retirement age. The exact number of credits you need depends on your age. The older you are, the more credits you need.

Once the SSA confirms that you have enough credits to qualify, it will then calculate how much your monthly benefit should be. The formula that the SSA uses is considerably complex. There are two primary variables that affect your SSDI benefit amount:

How Do I Calculate Fers Retirement

A FERS disability retirement pay calculator works just as any other calculator does. You give the calculator a set of inputs and parameters, and the calculator gives you an answer.

The output could be your annual payment .

Or it could be your monthly or weekly payment. On the other hand, your output could be the total amount of money you will receive over X amount of time .

It all depends on what you ask the calculator to give as its output. It is up to you. 

Many of the calculations depend on your high-3 salary. OPM defines your high-3 as the highest average basic pay you earned during any 3 consecutive years of service. Your basic pay is your basic salary paid for your position.

This includes salary increases for which retirement deductions are withheld, such as shift rates. It does not include payments for overtime, bonuses, etc. Further, if ones total service was less than 3 years, the average salary is figured by averaging basic pay during all periods of creditable Federal service.

The best way to find your high-3 average salary is to get a FERS benefit to estimate from your Agency. This report will show the official figures that will be sent to OPM. 

While the OPM website does not have a specific calculator webtool, they publish information on how they make the calculations .

Here, we summarize those guidelines.

Fers Disability Computation If You Have Reached The Age Of Retirement


If you are age 62 or older when you retire due to a disability, the following FERS calculation applies.

The calculation also applies if you meet the age and service requirement for immediate voluntary retirement and suffer from a disability.

This calculation is known as an earned annuity since you have otherwise met the qualifications for retirement benefits.

The calculation goes one of two ways.

If you are 62 or older when you retire and have less than 20 years of service with the federal government, or are under 62 years old but qualify for immediate voluntary retirement, your annuity calculation will be 1% of your high-3 average salary for each year of service.

Thus, if you serve eighteen years, your annuity is 18% of your high-3 average salary.

Your high-3 average salary is the highest average basic pay you receive for three consecutive years during your employment.

If your salary tops out at $65,000 for three years, thats your high-3 salary.

If your annual salary was $55,000 three years before your disability, then $65,000 per year for only two years before the disability, your high-3 average salary is the average of $55,000, $65,000, and $65,000.

If you are 62 years old or more and have at least 20 years of service to the federal government, your annuity calculation is different.

Your annuity calculation is 1.1% of your high-3 average salary for each year of service.

Find Your Next 12 Months’ Benefits

Determine your retirement benefits after the first 12 months. This benefit amount continues until you reach the age of 62. Multiply your average high-three salary by 40 percent.

Subtract any eligible Social Security payments for any month in which you are entitled to social security. Your disability during this time period is the higher of this amount and any other earned annuity in the FERS retirement system.

What Is The Best Month To Retire In 2020

Best dates for retirement 2020

  • December 31
  • April 3: In the middle of a wage period, but at the end of a work week.
  • June 3: Monday through Wednesday of this week are paid work days and your retirement begins on Thursday, June 4.
  • July 3: A trifecta: End of the pay period, end of the week and a public holiday.
  • Sept

What Is A Disability

Under the provisions for VRS disability retirement, a disability may be:

  • The result of a physical illness or injury or a cognitive condition. A cognitive disability is a loss or deterioration in intellectual capacity, such as Alzheimers disease.

  • Non-work related or work-related. A work-related disability is the result of an occupational illness or injury that occurs on the job and the cause is determined to be compensable under the Virginia Workers Compensation Act. A non-work-related disability is the result of an illness or injury that is not compensable under the Virginia Workers Compensation Act.

  • A chronic condition, such as diabetes or mental illness, that worsens to the point that you no longer can perform your job duties.

Any condition that existed before you were employed in a covered position must substantially worsen for you to be considered for disability retirement.

Three Military Retirement Categories

The three basic retirement categories for military members include:

  • Active component military retirement
  • Reserve component military retirement
  • Disability retirement

For this article, we focus exclusively on medical disability retirement but there are some common issues for retirees in general. For exampleretirement eligibility. All military retirees must meet the DoD-specified criteria that is applicable in their retirement category:

Active component retirementavailable to those who have completed 20 years of military service. Retirement pay in this case begins after the military members final out processing.

Reserve component retirementthis pay is offered after 20 years of military service, but is based on a points system which can include points for the following:

  • 1 point for each day of active service
  • 1 point for each attendance at a drill period
  • 1 point for each day of performing funeral honors duty
  • 15 points for each year of membership in a reserve component

There are other ways of calculating retirement points for reserve members, the above is not the only method. In any case, Reserve retirement pay does not become effective until the veteran is 60 years old.

Retirement Pay And Reservist Duty

If you serve in the military reserves or National Guard, you might qualify for military retirement pay after 20 years. Reserve duty is part-time, so the amount is adjusted to compensate. Points are awarded for each day of service, with the total divided by 360. The result is added to any active duty time and then multiplied by 2.5 percent to calculate retirement pay for a member of the reserves.

Step 2 Calculate Your Total Adjusted Pensionable Earnings

First, find the Your pensionable earnings amounts for each year on the SOC that you got from the My Service Canada web site. These are referred to as your Unadjusted Pensionable Earnings .

For each year, divide the UPE for that year by the corresponding Years Maximum Pensionable Earnings .

The following link will provide you with a list of all YMPEs since the CPP began in 1966:

Next, multiply that result by the average YMPE for the five-year period ending in the year that your CPP will start.

x average YMPE for five-year period

Example calculation using the year 2018:

The average YMPE for the five-year period ending 2018 is $54,440, based on YMPEs of $52,500 for 2014, $53,600 for 2015, $54,900 for 2016, $55,300 for 2017 and $55,900 for 2018.

/ 5 = $54,440

So if a person had a UPE of $4,000 in 1966, the APE calculation would be:

x $54,440

The resulting APE would be $43,552.

This step effectively brings the earnings for each year up to a current year value. This means, for example, that a UPE of $5,000 in 1966 is worth the same as a UPE of $55,900 in 2018 when calculating your CPP retirement pension.

Your Total Adjusted Pensionable Earnings is now calculated by simply adding together all of the APE calculations for your entire contributory period.

What Happens If You Start Your Cpp After 65

If you are starting your CPP retirement pension later than age 65, increase your RTR-FBC calculated in Step 5 by the appropriate age factor .

If you delay starting your CPP until after age 65, there is an additional dropout provision, known appropriately enough as the over-65 dropout

Under the over-65 dropout provision, one of two things will happen:

  • First, if you are still working after age 65, you can use these earnings to replace any periods of time under age 65 where you had lower APE.
  • Second, if you are not working after age 65 or if your earnings after age 65 are less than any of your under-age 65 APE, you can simply drop out all periods after age 65 from both your NCM and your APE.

Retirement Pay Calculations Under The Temporary Disability Retirement List


One of two options are used to calculate the benefitwhich one is used? According to the Department of Veterans Affairs, the pay is calculated at whichever method provides the greater advantage for the veteran:

  • Pay calculated on your disability percentage. This calculation uses a minimum of 50 percent while on the temporary list. This is known as Method A.
  • Pay calculated on the years of active service. This is known as Method B.

Your pay will be computed based on whichever is more beneficial for you.

While on the Temporary list, federal guidelines state you must have a physical no later than every 18 months. Those who fail to do so will have their payments suspended until the examination has been performed.

The date you were signed on to the temporary list is very important. According to the DoD, those on the temporary list prior to January 1, 2017 are allowed to remain on that list for a maximum of five years assuming there is no change in the condition.

Those who were placed on the Temporary list on or after January 1, 2017 are allowed three years maximum, providing you condition does not change during that time. According to the DoD, those who are found fit for active duty during this time may be removed from the list and returned to active duty.

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