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What Is Long Term Disability At Work

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Your Policy Choices Matter Too

How Does Hartford Long Term Disability Work?

So far, weâve highlighted personal factors that influence the cost of long term disability insurance. However, there are also various policy choices that will influence how much you pay in monthly premiums.

The benefit period you select is a prime example. The longer your benefit period is, the more you can expect to pay in premium. More often than not, the most cost-effective benefit period length is 5 years.

Your elimination period, or waiting period, is another example of a policy choice that impacts long term disability insurance cost. The elimination period for disability insurance is similar to the deductible on property insurance. Itâs the part you pay out-of-pocket before benefits kick in. Cost runs the opposite of your benefit period: The longer your waiting period is, the less you will pay in premium.

Elimination periods for long term disability can be as little as 30 days or as long as a year. The standard length is 60 or 90 days.

Commonly Asked Questions About Long Term Disability

In general, its best to have enough disability coverage to replace 60% of your after-tax income. However, this number can vary on a number of factors, such as recurrent debt payments and monthly living expenses.

Use our Disability Insurance Coverage Calculator to find out how much coverage is right for you.

The length of time you can receive benefits depends on your policys Maximum Benefit Period, which is determined by your employer. Once the elimination period is satisfied and you continue to meet the definition of disability, your Long Term Disability Insurance benefits can extend through the Maximum Benefit Period.

The disability benefit may be reduced if you are receiving income from other insurance policies, retirement or government programs.

Why You Need Long

Those disabilities are usually for non-work-related injuries and illnesses. Common reasons for disability claims are:

  • Neck and back pain
  • Foot, ankle and hand disorders
  • Cancer

A disability can strip you of your ability to make a living. While some people can tap into their savings to get by without working for a few months, few people can afford to stop working altogether for a longer period of time.

That’s where long-term disability insurance can help. Long-term disability policies provide you with income for an extended period. Most people who have long-term disability insurance get it through their employers, although you can buy individual long-term disability insurance on your own. Also, even if you have long-term coverage from an employer, the payouts are usually not enough to bridge the gap until you can return to work.

Key Takeaways

  • You can get long-term disability insurance either through your employers or you can buy individual long-term disability insurance on your own.
  • Depending on the policy, long-term disability insurance can pay you a percentage of your salary, usually it 50 to 60%.
  • The average annual cost of a long-term disability policy is more than $2,000, however it depends on various factors including your salary.

Read Also: What Information Do Medical And Disability Awareness Groups Present

How Much Does Long Term Disability Insurance Pay

Your policyâs benefit amount determines how much you will receive in long term disability benefits if you become disabled.

In most cases, your benefit amount will be a percentage of your income. The size of your disability insurance benefit amount will depend on the policy. Generally, long term disability policies can replace anywhere from 60 percent to 80 percent of your income.

In addition, many policies replace the income that is lost if you have to take a lower-paying job due to an injury or illness.

Whats Not Covered By Short

  • Disabilities that happen in the workplace. About 10% of disabilities happen within the workplace, and are covered separately by workers compensation.
  • Long-term disability. Long-term disability insurance general covers any disabilities that last for 6+ months.
  • Severe health conditions. Social Security Disability Insurance is available to US residents with severe health conditions who either havent worked or accrued enough credits to be eligible for employer-sponsored disability insurance.

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Working Within The Any Occupation Definition Of Disability

Long-term disability policies often transition from the own occupation definition of disability to the any occupation definition of disability after a certain period of time, often after 24 or 48 months of benefits. Returning to work within the any occupation definition of disability may be trickier. The any occupation definition of disability generally requires that your condition disables you from any occupation in the greater workforce.

Under this definition, your policy may not allow for you to work and still receive benefits. If you are working while the insurance company is paying benefits under the own occupation definition of disability, your benefits could be terminated when your policy switches to the any occupation definition of disability.

However, depending on the specific terms of the any occupation definition of disability, some policies do allow you to work in some capacity and still receive benefits under that definition. For example, the any occupation definition of disability in your policy may require you to be disabled from any full-time occupation, such that you could work part-time and still potentially receive benefits. Alternatively, the any occupation definition of disability in your policy may only require you to be disabled from occupations that earn a certain percentage of your pre-disability earnings, meaning you can still potentially receive benefits, even if you are able to work in jobs that earn less than that amount.

What Is The Definition Of Long

A type of disability income insurance that provides disability income benefits after short-term disability income benefits terminate and continues until the earlier of the date when the insured person returns to work, dies, or becomes eligible for pension benefits. Contrast with Short-term disability income insurance.

Label: Insurance

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Why Should Employers Offer Long Term Disability Insurance

Could your employees family maintain their current lifestyle if they were unable to work and bring in an income? Would they be able to pay their mortgage and utilities? Could they afford their car payment or be able to purchase enough groceries and clothing for the family?

These are tough questions, but the answers are important. Accidents happen when we least expect them. In cases where injury or illness prevents an employee from working and bringing in an income, protection is a must.

Here are the three big reasons why LTD should have a place in your employee benefits plan.

What Is Long Term Disability

How does Long Term Disability Work?

Long-term disability insurance provides employees with income replacement in case they suffer a disability and cant work for, generally, six months or longer.

Long term disability insurance covers disabilities that occurred both during work and off-work.

As discussed above, long term disability insurance is for disabilities that generally last longer than six months long. In this way, long term disability insurance policies pay benefits usually after short term disability insurance expires. Short term disability, which is a separate benefit that most employers who offer LTD also offer, generally only lasts six months. So think of it this way: You normally go through three different disability schemes if you become disabled and cant work and are fortunate to have disability insurance:

  • If you are disabled for a really short time , you go on sick leave and your employer pays you out of pocket .
  • If you are disabled for a little bit of time , you go on short term disability benefits paid for by your insurer.
  • If you are still disabled after six months, you go on long term disability benefits paid for by your insurer. You can stay on these benefits until the age of 65 if you are still unable to work because of your disability.
  • Read Also: What Are Non Medical Requirements For Disability

    What Qualifies For Short

    To qualify for short-term disability benefits, an employee must be unable to do their job, as deemed by a medical professional. Medical conditions that prevent an employee from working for several weeks to months, such as pregnancy, surgery rehabilitation, or severe illness, can qualify to receive benefits. Since employers in most states must legally provide workers’ compensation insurance to all employees, any injuries incurred on the job are typically covered under a workers’ comp policy and are therefore not eligible for short-term disability.

    While most non-work-related temporary medical conditions are covered by a short-term disability policy, there can be exclusions for preexisting conditions or intentional and foreseeable injuries . While employees can qualify for time off under the Family and Medical Leave Act to care for a sick relative, most short-term disability policies would not provide benefits if the covered employee is not the one with the illness.

    Your Responsibilities When Illness Or Injury Prevents You From Working

    Administering sick-leave benefits is complex. You need to work closely with your manager, your departmental human resources team and the Pay Centre to ensure that:

    • leave records are accurate and up-to-date
    • you receive information of your options and benefits
    • forms are filled out accurately
    • forms are sent to the appropriate organization in a timely manner

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    How To Get Long

    If your employer doesn’t offer group disability insurance, or if you think your group policy doesn’t provide adequate coverage, you may want to consider buying an individual long-term disability policy. You can find the best disability insurance for you through financial planners, the same agents who sell you life insurance or annuities,or sometimes through your mortgage company.

    Most policies are sold on a “non-cancellable” or a “guaranteed renewable” basis, according to the Insurance Information Institute . With a non-cancellable policy , the insurer cannot cancel the coverage or raise your premiums. If you buy a policy on a guaranteed renewable basis, the insurer cannot cancel the coverage as long as you pay premiums, but it can raise rates on a class or group of insured people who have the same policy, work at the same place or share another, non-risk-associated characteristic.

    According to the III, most individual policies also have features that allow benefits to keep pace with inflation or gradual salary increases, such as a cost of living adjustment, which adds a percentage to your benefit each year.

    Disability insurance is an important piece of your insurance portfolio that will help protect you during life’s unexpected events. If you’re dependent on your working income, make sure it is protected.

    Long Term Disability And Its Benefits


    Long Term Disability can be used following Short Term Disability plans or alone.

    Long Term Disability coverage provides wage replacement that is between 50-70% percent of your earnings before a non-work related injury impacted your ability to work.

    If a LTD plan is offered through your employer, it is very important to sign up during the initial enrollment period, when you cannot be denied coverage for a pre-existing condition. Read the plan summary for definitions detailing what is covered as well as specific details required by your plan.

    Most LTD plans include a waiting period that lasts from 3-26 weeks, which coincides with the length of time you can be paid for STD benefits, before you are eligible to begin receiving LTD benefits.

    In order to continue to qualify for benefits detailed medical information must be provided to the LTD carrier initially and then throughout the life of the claim as requested. Failure to do so will result in termination of your benefit. If you are considered disabled longer than 90 days, most policies do not require you to continue paying premiums.

    Most LTD policies have two definitions of disability: Own Occupation and Any Occupation.

    • During the Own Occupation period, benefits are payable if the employee is unable to perform his or her regular job or a similar job. This period can last up to two years.

    Also Check: 90 Percent Va Disability Benefits

    Individual Vs Group Coverage

    The main difference between individual long term disability and group long term disability is cost. Participating in a group plan is typically cheaper than buying an individual policy. This is especially true if the sponsor of the group plan offers to pay some or all of the policy cost.

    Another key difference is that group disability plans are guaranteed issue. This means if you apply for coverage, you are automatically enrolled without having to go through the underwriting process. Insurance companies can do this because they spread their risk among a large group of policyholders.

    On the other hand, buying individual long term disability insurance will require you to:

    • Fill out an application
    • Go through underwriting
    • Be approved by the insurance carrier

    And for good reason. With an individual policy, the insurance company has to assess the risk of a single applicant. If the company considers you high-risk, you will pay more in premium. Itâs possible for an insurer to consider somebody so risky that they deny coverage altogether.

    Although this process may seem like a downside to individual coverage, it pales in comparison to the cons of group coverage.

    The biggest downside of group policy is that itâs possible to lose coverage in two ways that are mostly out of your control.

    When you buy an individual policy, you own it for as long as you pay the premium. You control your own destiny.

    Disability Insurance For Self

    Disability insurance can be especially vital for people who are self-employed.

    Not being able to work without a safety net can leave you in debt and force you to miss mortgage payments.

    Disability insurance for self-employed people is often more complicated than for others. If you have employees, you may need to get additional protection if the business couldnt function without you. Insurers also often demand that self-employed people have owned their own businesses for a period. You may also need help with rent and business expenses.

    Those issues make disability insurance more complicated and expensive than a person who needs coverage only for themselves.

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    Activities Of Daily Living Form

    The Long Term Disability carrier has asked you to complete an Activities of Daily Living form in which you are asked to document what you are physically capable of doing. In that form, or even in a statement, you might tell the Long Term Disability insurance company that you always use a cane or that you always limp. If surveillance shows that you are walking without a cane or without a limp you are in trouble! While walking without a cane or a limp doesnt mean you can work, it does destroy your credibility.

    This Article Offers An Overview Of Long

    What is Long-term Disability Insurance?

    Today, almost every company provides some type of short and long-term disability insurance. If they dont you should go out and find some on your own. Nobody expects anything traumatizing to happen to them, but an illness or an accident can strike anyone at any time. Being caught off guard might put you and your family in a financial bind.

    Long-term disability refers to illnesses or injuries that last longer than 90 days. Some businesses will cover you for five to ten years, while others will cover you until you reach the age of 65. Before you buy a policy, make sure you understand all of the advantages and exclusions.

    When you are unable to carry out your daily activities, you have a disability, it does not mean you are not functional it just means you cant do your job without putting your health at risk. You may also be unable to walk or stand for long periods of time. Your doctor will determine your disability once he learns what type of work you do.

    You may believe that because you have excellent medical coverage, you do not require long-term disability insurance. Health insurance is a must-have, and it will cover the majority of your hospital and medical fees, but how will you pay your bills if you are unable to work for an extended length of time?

    Long-term disability insurance is designed to assist you when you most need it. Choose a policy that will best protect and benefit you.

    Read Also: How To Calculate Short Term Disability Benefits

    What Is The Employers Responsibility For Long

    Employers have responsibilities to employees on long-term disability. Employers have a good faith obligation to help an employee when they apply for long-term disability. This means that the employer needs to facilitate the process and fill out the necessary forms. Additionally, the employer must always respect the employees right to privacy and not demand to know details about the medical condition. Employers should not tolerate workplace gossip or discussion of the employees private medical information. Finally, employers have a duty to accommodate an employee who seeks to return to work after long-term disability.

    Do You Have To Pay Back Long Term Disability Benefits

    Typically, you will not have to pay private long term disability insurance benefits back. These benefits are treated as tax-free income that you have earned by paying premiums. However, there are rare exceptions where you may need to pay a portion back.

    By law, you are allowed to collect benefits from a private insurer and the government. In fact, you are required to if your private long term disability policy has an offset provision. The amount of Social Security Disability Insurance benefits you collect will then be deducted from what your private insurer pays you.

    SSDI benefits are difficult to get approved. If you are approved, it could still be months, even years, before you begin receiving benefits. That’s why SSDI benefits begin with something called a catch-up payment. It’s a lump-sum that makes up for the time it took the Social Security Administration to review your application.

    Meanwhile, long term disability is more straightforward. Approval is quicker and benefits start paying as soon as your elimination period ends, likely before your application for SSDI benefits has been processed. If so, your policy’s offset provision will require that you pay the SSDI catch-up payment you received back to your private insurer. That way, your SSDI benefits are being accurately deducted from the private benefits you receive.

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