What To Do Ifyou Get An Overpayment Notice From The Social Security Administration
Ifyou are under full retirement age and receive income from a source that is notone of the common ones we discussed above, youll likely receive a letter fromthe SSA alleging an overpayment.
Ifyou do, DONT IMMEDIATELY ASSUME YOU HAVE TO PAY THE AMOUNT BACK.
Youdo need to communicate with theSocial Security Administration about this notice, or theyll turn you benefitoff but just because you receive a letter saying that the earnings testshouldve applied doesnt mean they are right.
Iveseen multiple cases in which all a client had to do was write a letter ofexplanation because the mistake was on the SSAs end.
Justbe aware that when it comes to the earnings test, the Social SecurityAdministration seems to use the same playbook as the IRS does when they have aquestion. Instead of sending you a letter to get clarification, they simplyassume they are right and tell send you a letter saying how much you owe inadditional taxes.
Forexample, if a client sells a stock and doesnt include the cost basis, the IRSjust assumes the entire amount of the proceeds should be a capital gain. Youhave to go back to them and tell them how much of the proceeds were the costbasis and how much represented an actual gain.
TheSocial Security Administration will often do something similar when it comes tothe earnings test and payments or income you received. Theyll send you anoverpayment letter that says something along the lines of,
Some Incomesources Are Harder To Classify Than Others
This nice, conciselist will take care of 95% of all the types of income that exists. But thereare numerous other types of income that can cause confusion.
You might have back pay, bonuses, vacation pay, deferred comp, fiduciary fees, renewal commissions the list goes on. Unfortunately, we cant go through each of these in detail here because even the Social security administrations page lists 88 different types of income!
To confuse it evenfurther, there are some types of income thats not counted for employees, butit is counted for those who are self-employed.
You can take a look at that pageto learn moreabout how these different types of income are treated. Some of this income iscounted, some of this income is not counted but before you get too stressedabout this, remember that 95% of income sources are easily classified with oursimple list above.
At What Age Is Social Security Not Affected By Income
Full retirement age, or FRA, is now 66 and 2 months for persons born in 1955 and gradually increases to 67 for those born in 1960 and after. You can earn any amount and not be penalized by the Social Security earnings test once you reach FRA.
The Social Security Administration will temporarily withhold $1 in payments for every $2 you earn beyond $18,960 in 2021 if you take benefits before full retirement age and continue to work. You can earn up to $50,520 a year before you reach FRA in 2021, and $1 is removed from your benefits for every $3 you earn over that level. The earnings cap is removed after you reach full retirement age.
When a person reaches full retirement age, the only Social Security benefits affected by working are those provided to disabled adult children relying on their parents wage record.
Keep in mind
In the event that your benefits were withheld prior to full retirement age because of your employment, you can recuperate those benefits at a later date. Over time, Social Security increases your monthly payment by the amount it withheld from your retirement income when you reach full retirement age.
WHAT ARE DEEMED RESOURCES?
WHY ARE RESOURCES IMPORTANT IN THE SSI PROGRAM?
WHAT RESOURCES DO NOT COUNT FOR SSI?
regardless of its value, if you or a member of your household utilize it as a mode of transportation.
SSI Spotlight on Burial Funds: $1,500 or less for each of you and your spouse
WHAT ARE INSTALLMENTS?
WHAT OTHER RESOURCES DO NOT COUNT FOR SSI?
Your Role As A Landlord
When you operate as a landlord, the Social Security Administration will most likely not consider this a form of “employment” that would take you out of retirement status. You can work as much or as little as you would like without worrying about exempting yourself from Social Security benefits. However, the income you derive from your tenants will possibly void your tax-exempt status. You should carefully calculate your anticipated earnings in order to ensure that your landlord operation does not become more of a financial burden to you than it’s actually worth.
If you do anticipate that you will need to pay taxes due to your earnings, you can contact the Social Security Administration and ask them to regularly withhold portions of your Social Security checks. The Social Security Administration can withhold up to 25 percent of your monthly benefit check if requested. This may be a useful option for individuals who would rather pay their taxes gradually than as a lump sum when they file their returns.
Is There Really A $16728 Social Security Bonus
As a general rule, most Americans are a few years behind on their retirement savings. However, there are a few Social Security secrets that can help you get more money in your retirement. For instance, a simple trick might earn you an additional $16,728 every year! We believe that after youve learned how to optimize your Social Security benefits, youll be able to retire with the peace of mind that we all desire.
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No Limits On Unearned Income And Assets
A person collecting SSDI can have any amount of assets and any amount of income from investments, interest, or a spouse’s income. These are all types of “unearned income.” You can have an unlimited amount of unearned income. Unearned income includes:
- interest income
- unemployment benefits, and
- cash or gifts from friends and relatives.
Any type of gifts, even expensive ones, don’t affect SSDI benefits at all. You don’t have to report them to the SSA as income.
How Different Things Affect Ssi
Because SSI is a needs-based disability program it means that anyone applying for SSI must only have income and assets that fall below a threshold. Those who have “countable income” above the federal benefit rate , which in 2020 was $783 for individuals and $1,175 a month for a married couple, are not deemed eligible for SSI.
Anyone who has some countable income, which falls below the FBR, will face having their monthly SSI payments decreased by the value of the countable income. If an applicant for SSI has no countable income at all and is eligible for SSI, he or she will be awarded the total FBR paid monthly.
Because SSI is viewed as a need-based program, this means to qualify for benefit payments a number of factors concerning your income and assets are taken into consideration. Any adult in receipt of SSI payments will have any assets and other financial resources considered as well as income before the SSI benefit can be paid. These could include any of the following:
- retirement funds
- interest received as income from investments
- support provided by family and friends
- cash or assets from inheritance.
Any assets that have a monetary value like:
- cars and other motor vehicles and
- commercial rental property.
If you own only one home or one motor vehicle it is unlikely the value of these will be used in an SSI assessment. It is only likely to be evaluated if you own more than one vehicle or house.
- investment income.
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A landlord of agricultural property can only count earnings from the property as social security income if he or she materially participates in the production or management of agricultural or horticultural commodities.
Material participation is a highly individualized determination and each case must be decided on its own merits.
Three cases illustrate the principle of material participation.
Case One: F owned a 190 acre farm which he leased to his grandson G for the years 1959 and 1960. Under the agreement, F was to pay the costs of the seed corn, fertilizer, and spray for the crops. He was also to help with the harvesting. G was to assume all other costs, including the costs of machinery. F and G were to consult with each other on all matters relating to the planting, cultivating, and harvesting the crops, with F having the right to make final decisions. F had the right to enter the land to inspect the crops, which he did several times per year. He worked in the fields for about 20 hours each year during harvest season.
Held: F materially participated in the management and production of the crops and his income from the farm was therefore creditable to him for social security purposes. Because of this, F had sufficient quarters of coverage to qualify for social security benefits.
See Social Security Ruling 63-43.
Why Proof Of Income For Apartment Applicants Matters
Tenant screening is a process that includes many steps, and one of the most important is to verify the tenants reported income. New landlords who dont have a lot of experience choosing tenants may not fully grasp the importance of this step, but why does it matter so much?
Tenants who dont make enough monthly income to comfortably cover the rent on top of their other expenses are more likely to pay late or miss rent payments than other applicants. If a tenant cannot easily make rent each month, they may fall behind, which could even lead to an eviction situation.
Verifying income is just another part of the process of choosing the best tenant for your property. Alongside credit checks, references, and rental history, having all of this information will make it easier to make the right decisions.
Screening tenants thoroughly, which includes verifying two or three income sources, is time-consuming, but the time investment will pay off. You want to be sure the tenant is not lying or trying to hide anything about their finances, as this is a big red flag. Take time to do this right, and youll have less to worry about long-term.
Does Ssi Count As Income For An Apartment
When applying for an apartment, landlords should consider SSI benefits as part of their tenants income as long as they are long-term, recurrent payments. SSI benefits of all types are legal types of income, which means that landlords are typically required to accept them.
It is crucial for landlords to be familiar with SSI and SSDI income and how these payments work. Otherwise, you could be excluding great potential tenants. As long as you see proof of benefits from tenants who receive SSI, this income should be considered valid when reviewing their rental application.
Additionally, many states prohibit landlords from discriminating against tenants due to the type of income they receive. Be sure that you are familiar with your states laws before refusing to accept a certain type of income so that you do not accidentally violate any important rules.
These protections exist to safeguard tenants from unreasonable judgment or discrimination, and the penalties for disregarding the rules can be quite severe.
Are Dividends Considered Passive Income
A person can earn money in a variety of ways: actively, passively, or through a variety of sources. Income from a rental property, limited partnership, or other business in which a person is not actively involvedfor example, a silent investoris considered a passive source of income.
A work-from-home and run your own business lifestyle is often advocated by those who advocate passive income.
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Tax On Social Security Benefits
Your Social Security benefits may or may not contribute to your taxable income. How much of your Social Security benefits are taxable depends on how much Social Security and other income you receive.
The IRS sets certain base income amounts for married and single couples. As an individual, if your income exceeds $34,000, up to 85 percent of your benefits may be taxable. If you are married and file a joint return, the base figure is $44,000.
If your base income which is one half of your Social Security plus adjusted gross income and tax-exempt interest is higher than the IRS base amount, some or all of your benefits will be taxed at ordinary income rates. This is more likely to happen if you’re receiving capital gains and income from other sources. If this is the case, the taxable amount will increase your taxable income and could throw you into a higher tax bracket for capital gains.
How Much Can I Earn And Still Get Benefits
As soon as you begin receiving Social Security retirement payments, we consider you retired. Social Security retirement and survivor benefits can be received at the same time as you are working. But there is a limit to how much you can earn and still be eligible for full compensation.
We may cut your pension if you are younger than full retirement age and earn more than the annual earnings limit.
Our benefit payments are reduced by $1 each dollar earned above the annual limit for those under the age of full retirement age throughout the year. It is $18,960 for 2021.
You lose $1 in benefits each year you earn more than a certain amount after you reach full retirement age. It will be $50,520 by the year 2021. We only count your earnings up to the month before your full retirement age, not your year-long earnings.
- As soon as you reach full retirement age, your benefits will not be reduced by any amount, no matter how much money you make.
- We will adjust your benefit amount to compensate you for the months in which we lowered or withheld payments because of your excessive earnings.
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Whats The Maximum Amount Of Social Security I Can Collect From My Husband
These are Social Security payments you can collect on the basis of your husbands or wifes earnings record. The maximum spousal benefit is 50 percent of your mates primary insurance amount, the retirement benefit to which he or she is entitled at full retirement age, based on his or her earnings history.
Passive Income And Disability Frequently Asked Questions
What is the effect of passive income on a disability benefit?
If you have both earned and passive income, only the earned income can be covered by long-term disability insurance, and depending on how much passive income you have, it can reduce the amount of coverage you can buy when you apply for a policy.
Does passive income affect Social Security disability benefits?
The Social Security Administration only takes earned income into account when determining your eligibility for benefits, so you can qualify for Social Security disability even if you receive passive income .
Does rental income affect Social Security disability benefits?
Rental income is typically considered passive, so it shouldnât affect your eligibility to receive SSDI benefits. But if you perform work, like renovations or maintenance, on the rental property, then any income you receive may be considered earned and count against you.
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Passive Income Special Conditions
Work done under special conditions: Per CFR § 404.1573, work done under special conditions, and work based on opportunities presented through past associations does not necessarily show substantial gainful activity.
Disability and SSI claims can be a complex undertaking. OBrien & Feiler urges all readers who need assistance to seek out local competent counsel. If you are in Georgia, please contact OBrien & Feiler to discuss your case with a disability attorney for free.
Will Owning A Rental Property Make Me Ineligible For Ssi
Individuals seeking Supplemental Security Income must meet strict guidelines regarding asset and income limits.
In a recent case, I had a client whose eligibility for SSI was in question because she owned a duplex. She was living in one side while renting out the other. The judge argued that she had too much income to be eligible for SSI while I argued that under Social Securitys rules her rental income should not disqualify her from receiving SSI.
Rental income is considered unearned income and Social Security counts all but the first $20 against your monthly benefit amount for SSI. This means if someone gets more than $753 in net rents, they would not be eligible for any of the standard $733 SSI benefit that month.
I mentioned net rents because Social Security has rules that allow landlords to subtract out some specific carrying costs related to home ownership, and offset those costs against the rental income to calculate the net countable rental income.
- Interest and escrow portions of a mortgage payment
- real estate insurance
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How Does The Irs Know About Rental Income
After all, how could they know what youve earned in rental income unless you report it? The IRS can find out about unreported rental income through tax audits. The goal of an IRS tax audit is to review and examine the financial information and accounts of an individual to confirm that income was reported correctly.