What Happens When Your Nine Month Trial Work Period Ends
The Trial Work Period permits nine months of above-the-limit monthly earnings while continuing to receive the full monthly SSD benefit payment. Once the nine months are all used, the Social Security Administration encourages the working SSD recipient to continue earning a higher income. SSD created the Extended Period of Eligibility of three additional months during which the SSD recipient can continue to earn more than the SSD income limit and still receive their usual monthly SSD payment.
After the three-month Extended Period of Eligibility is used, then SSD benefit payments will stop if the SSD recipient continues to work and earn more than the monthly income limit. But, for another period of 36 months, benefits will be resumed if the workers income falls beneath the monthly income limit for SSD benefits eligibility.
What If I Dont Have Money In My Base Period Because I Was Unemployed Before I Became Disabled
There are two rules that may help you if you do not have earnings in your base period due to unemployment:
First, if you have an unexpired claim for unemployment insurance benefits when you are seeking SDI, then you may use the base period you used for your unemployment insurance claim.
Second, if you were unemployed during any quarter of your base period meaning out of work for 60 or more days and looking for work you may disregard that quarter and begin your base period three months earlier than the period set forth in the above chart. For each quarter you were unemployed, you may go back another quarter.
Fers Disability Retirement And Ssdi Offset
The plain fact is that the U.S. Office of Personnel Management doesnt care a twit about Social Security Disability Insurance unless it is approved, and that, only if the FERS Disability Retirement application is also approved. For, if both are approved , then the law requires an offset between the two 100% offset in the first year of concurrent payments , then a 60% offset during the subsequent concurrent years of payments . It is the offset itself which OPM is concerned about, and since Social Security payments are primary while the FERS Disability Annuity is secondary , OPM is concerned that an approval of SSDI benefits will therefore impact the amount of annuity payments calculated by OPMs disability retirement payments.
How does the interactive process work between filing for a FERS Disability Retirement and Social Security Disability Insurance? Here is an example:
You May Like: What Qualifies For Short Term Disability
Read Also: Disability For Sciatica
Can You Collect Ssdi And Short
Yes. If you have a short-term disability plan, then you can collect both SSDI and short-term disability benefits. However, because short-term disability benefits are typically limited in time, you will likely have received the full amount of benefits before you are approved for SSDI benefits.
Importantly, while SSDI is limited to people whose disabilities are expected to last 12 months or longer or be terminal you can apply before you have been out of work for 12 months. In this way, you may receive both short-term disability and SSDI benefits at the same time. If you have questions, reach out to a disability benefits lawyer in New Jersey for a free claim review.
Adults Disabled Before Age 22
An adult who has a disability that began before age 22 may be eligible for benefits if a parent is deceased or starts receiving retirement or disability benefits. We consider this a “child’s” benefit because it is paid on a parent’s Social Security earnings record.
The disabled “adult child” including an adopted child, or, in some cases, a stepchild, grandchild, or step grandchild must be unmarried, age 18 or older, have a disability that started before age 22, and meet the definition of disability for adults.
It is not necessary that the disabled “adult child” ever worked. Benefits are paid based on the parent’s earnings record.
- A disabled “adult child” must not have substantial earnings. The amount of earnings we consider “substantial” increases each year. In 2021, this means working and earning more than $1,310 a month.
Recommended Reading: Is Pregnancy Covered Under Ada
What If You Make More Than The 2022 Maximum Income Limit
Earning more than the monthly income limit for eligibility has the effect of disqualifying the SSD recipient from the formal definition of disabled. The fact that an SSD recipient earned more than the monthly income limit is evidence that the benefits recipient is not disabled under the governments regulations. The result is a suspension of benefits. However, SSD recipients whose income rises above the monthly eligibility income limit immediately become eligible for SSD benefits again when their income returns to a level beneath the maximum income set by the Social Security Administration.
Do I Qualify For The Exception To This Rule Can I Draw Both Ssdi And Retirement
There is one exception that allows qualified individuals to draw both retirement and SSDI benefits at the same time, but this is rare and still does not allow them to collect more than their full retirement benefit.
This occurs when someone opts for early retirement between age 62 and their full retirement age but is then approved for SSDI benefits. Some people set themselves up for this by filing for early retirement after an injury or illness caused them to have to quit work. They can begin receiving early retirement to help them cover bills until their SSDI claim receives approval and the waiting period for those benefits expires.
Once this happens, they can begin receiving additional money from the SSA each month on top of their early retirement benefits. This will bring them to their full retirement benefit amount. They are also most likely qualified for retroactive benefits, which will bring them to their full retirement amount for any month they suffered a disability but were not yet approved for SSDI.
Recommended Reading: Gerald Welt
What We Mean By Disability
The definition of disability under Social Security is different than other programs. Social Security pays only for total disability. No benefits are payable for partial disability or for short-term disability.
We consider you disabled under Social Security rules if all of the following are true:
- You cannot do work that you did before because of your medical condition.
- You cannot adjust to other work because of your medical condition.
- Your disability has lasted or is expected to last for at least one year or to result in death.
This is a strict definition of disability. Social Security program rules assume that working families have access to other resources to provide support during periods of short-term disabilities, including workers’ compensation, insurance, savings, and investments.
The Extended Period Of Eligibility
Once you’ve exhausted your nine-month TWP, you enter the Extended Period of Eligibility . The EPE is a 36-month period during which you’ll continue to receive your full benefit every month as long as you remain disabled and earn less than Social Security’s substantial gainful activity threshold. In 2020, the SGA level is $1,260 for non-blind individuals and $2,110 for the blind.
If you earn over SGA in any month during the EPE, you’ll lose that month’s entire benefit, a situation sometimes referred to as the “cash cliff.” This will also cause Social Security to find that your disability has “ceased.” Once that happens, you will be paid in full for that month and an additional two-month grace period, before benefits terminate.
If you later stop working, or your earnings fall below the SGA level during the EPE, contact Social Security and your benefits will be restarted without having to file a new application. Because it’s so easy to re-start your benefits if your work attempt doesn’t work out, Social Security calls the EPE the “re-entitlement period.”
When the 36-month re-entitlement period ends, your benefits will continue as long as you are medically disabled and not earning SGA. If you earn over SGA for even one month after the 36-month period of re-entitlement, your benefits will terminate. However, if your medical condition makes you stop working again, you may be eligible for expedited reinstatement, if it’s within five years of the EPE.
Recommended Reading: Plantar Fasciitis Va Claim
Can You Collect Both Ssdi And Long
As a general rule, you can collect both SSDI benefits and LTD benefits. In fact, many long-term disability insurance companies require anyone who receives benefits to apply for SSDI as well. However, if you are applying for or currently receiving SSDI, you are not required to apply for LTD benefits.
Most LTD insurance policies contain a specific clause that mandates that beneficiaries will apply for Social Security disability benefits within a specific timeframe. For example, some LTD insurance carriers require claimants to apply for SSDI within one year of receiving disability benefits.
If you are approved for SSDI, you probably wont be allowed to double-dip, or be paid the full amount of benefits by both the SSA and the insurance company. Instead, your insurer will offset the amount of SSDI benefits from your LTD payments. The combination of SSDI and LTD benefits will then equal the LTD benefits you got before qualifying for Social Security disability.
Getting LTD benefits will not affect your SSDI application process or the benefit amount. If you receive workers compensation or other public disability benefits, this may reduce the amount of SSDI that you receive. Disability insurance benefits such as those provided through an LTD policy will not impact your Social Security disability payments.
How Many Hours Can You Work Without Losing Your Social Security Disability
Social Security typically allows up to 45 hours of work per month if youre self-employed and on SSDI. That comes out to around 10 hours per week. The SSA will also see whether or not youre the only person working for your business. You must not be earning SGA, along with not working too many hours.
You May Like: Sleep Apnea Va Disability
What Happens If The Adult Child Gets Married
If he or she receives benefits as a disabled “adult child,” the benefits generally end if he or she gets married. However, some marriages are considered protected.
The rules vary depending on the situation. Contact a Social Security representative at 1-800-772-1213 to find out if the benefits can continue.
To speed up the application process, complete an Adult Disability Report and have it available at the time of your appointment.
What Is The Disability Standard For Disability Insurance And Supplemental Security
Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security are reserved for workers with the most severe disabilities and conditions, and both use the same strict disability standard: inability to engage in substantial gainful activitydefined as being able to earn $1,040 a month in 2013due to one or more severe physical or mental impairments that are expected to last at least a year or could result in death. A workers impairment or combination of impairments must be so severe that the applicant is not only unable to do his or her previous work but also unableconsidering his or her age, education, and work experienceto engage in any other kind of substantial gainful work that exists in significant numbers in the national economy.
Medical evidence is the cornerstone for the determination of disability in both programs. To qualify, there must be medical evidence from a doctor, specialist, or certain other licensed or certified medical sources that documents a severe impairment. Evidence from other health care providerssuch as nurse practitioners or clinical social workersis not sufficient to document a severe medical impairment. And statements from the applicants themselves, their families, co-workers, friends, or neighbors are not treated as medical evidence.
Recommended Reading: Military Disability For Sleep Apnea
Clarifying Disability And Ssi
If your child is disabled, be aware that the Social Security Administration uses different definitions of disability for SSI evaluation. A childâs disability from birth to age 18 need not be permanent, but it must be expected to last at least one year or be fatal. At age 18, disabled children must qualify for SSI under the adult definition. Adult disabilities must last at least 12 months, potentially result in death or make the individual unable to work.
The SSA regards blindness as a unique disability. Children and adults are considered blind if their best eye has 20/200 vision or their field of vision is 20 degrees or less with corrective lenses.
The Trial Work Period
The Trial Work Period is designed to allow SSDI recipients to experiment with working while still receiving their full monthly benefit. It consists of a total of nine months, not necessarily consecutive, over a 60-month period. During these nine months, a person may earn an unlimited amount without lowering their monthly cash benefit. The TWP was developed many years ago to encourage disability recipients to go back to work when they can.
A month counts as a TWP month whenever an individual earns more than $910 per month or when a self-employed individual works 80 hours or more in a month.
All of your monthly earnings before taxes apply to the $910 TWP threshold, but you can deduct impairment-related work expenses that you pay for out-of-pocket . Keep receipts of your impairment-related expenses so that Social Security can total your earnings accurately.
In addition, it is essential to inform your local Social Security office of your earnings for each month you work while receiving benefits. Send a certified letter with a copy of your pay stubs and any impairment-related work expenses by the 10th of the month after a month in which you work. Failure to do so may result in your benefits’ being terminated.
Read Also: California Biweekly Pay Calculator
How Many Hours Can I Work While On Ssdi
To receive Social Security Disability Insurance benefits, you must meet specific criteria. If you are earning money, you can only make up to a certain amount to qualify for benefits. For most people, how many hours you work doesnt count as much as how muchyou earn per month on SSDI.
If youre having trouble with your application or arent sure what you can do while on SSDI, you can always contact a Georgia Social Security Disability attorney. Our firm will give you a free consultation so you can better understand what we can do for you.
Tips For Navigating Social Security
- A financial advisor can help you account for the various sources of retirement income, including Social Security benefits. SmartAssets free financial advisor matching tool can pair you with up to three advisors in your area. Get started now.
- If youre applying for Social Security disability benefits, youll need to fill out form SSA-827. This provides your consent for the SSA and Disability Determination Services to view your medical records.
- Dealing with a disability, either temporary or permanent, is hard enough without considering the financial impact. Having an emergency fund in place for unpredictable things like this can be a huge relief.
Dont Miss: What Is The National Disability Scheme
Recommended Reading: Ca Sdi Cap
What If I Stop Working In The Middle Of The Year
There’s a special rule for when you work part of the year but then retire. Regardless of your total earnings, you’re still entitled to get Social Security checks for any month in which you’ve officially retired.
As an example, say you retire early at 63 and decide that you’re going to quit your $200,000-per-year job at the end of June. You’d forfeit all of your benefits for the first six months of the year because of your high earnings, but, starting in July, you could still get checks for the remaining six months even though your total annual earnings were well above the annual limit.
Various Disability Programs Concerning Veterans
When we talk about Social Security disability and veteran disability, we are talking about two different agencies of the government. The Social Security Administration is the one that is in charge of Social Security programs like the Social Security Disability Insurance . Meanwhile, the Department of Veterans Affairs oversees veteran disability benefits, also known as service-connected disability compensation.
In other words, SSDI and VA disability benefits are two completely separate programs. You will have to apply for each separately and anticipate two different application processes. The benefits that you receive from one are not directly connected with that from the other.
You May Like: How Much Does Bipolar Disability Pay
Can You Lose Your Disability Benefits
Social Security disability benefits are rarely terminated due to medical improvement, but SSI recipients can lose their benefits if they have too much income or assets. Although it is rare, there are circumstances under which the Social Security Administration can end a persons disability benefits.
In Many Cases The Answer Is Yes
, and originally published on May 16, 2016.
Social Security isn’t just for retirees it’s also designed to help people with disabilities stay afloat financially. As of 2017, nearly 9 million Americans received Social Security disability benefits. But as useful as those benefits might be, they’re often not enough to help recipients cover their living costs in full. If you’re receiving Social Security disability benefits, there’s good news in this regard: You can work and continue to collect your monthly Social Security payments as long as you meet certain criteria.
To be considered eligible for Social Security disability benefits, you cannot engage in what’s known as substantial gainful activity . The Social Security Administration defines “substantial” as earning more than a certain amount each month. For 2018, you can work and collect your disability benefits as long as your earnings don’t exceed $1,180 per month, or $1,970 if you’re blind . However, there are also exceptions to this rule.
Recommended Reading: Military Pay And Benefits Calculator