What Are The Long
The long-term outlook is generally very good for these children if they have no other associated conditions. The overall outlook generally depends on the severity of their other conditions. Additionally, it is recommended that children with this condition should wear a First Alert necklace or bracelet that informs other medical professionals of the condition. This will prevent any problems or misdiagnosis if the pelvic kidney is unexpectedly encountered during surgery or on a physical exam by another health care professional.
What Are The Symptoms Of Horseshoe Kidney Or Pelvic Kidney
No symptoms are present in the fetus; after birth, one-third of all children diagnosed with this condition do not have any symptoms because the rest of the urinary system has developed normally. However, one-third of all children born with a pelvic kidney have other complications either with their cardiovascular system, the central nervous system or their urinary system. Symptoms directly associated with the horseshoe kidney can include urinary tract infection, kidney stones or hydronephrosis.;
How Is Horseshoe Kidney Treated In A Child
The condition cant be changed or cured. But a child with no symptoms may not need any treatment. If your child has symptoms or related problems, those will be treated. Your child may be referred to an expert such as:
- This is a doctor who treats;problems of the urinary tract and the male genital tract.
- This is a doctor who treats problems of the kidneys.
Treatment will depend on your childs symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
Talk with your childs healthcare providers about the risks, benefits, and possible side effects of all medicines.
How We Address Horseshoe Kidney
There is no known cure for a horseshoe kidney, but if your child has complications, her symptoms will be treated. Treatment approaches may include:
- surgical intervention
If your child has no symptoms, she may not need to be treated.
If your child has hydronephrosis, your doctor may want to discuss several other non-surgical or surgical treatment options.
What Are The Chances I Could Have Another Baby With Hydronephrosis
Minimal hydronephrosis is not genetic and is not hereditary. However, hydronephrosis may coincidentally occur in future pregnancies. If UPJ obstruction is determined to be the cause of the hydronephrosis, the chances for future children with the same obstruction may be as high as 50 percent.
In addition, certain genetic conditions can cause the kidneys to have cysts and generally carry a 25 percent chance for future children to have the same condition. Regardless of the cause, you should have a prenatal ultrasound examination in the second trimester with all future pregnancies to check the developing kidneys and bladder.
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Kidney Disease And Social Security Disability
This months column will look at how the Social Security Administration evaluates disability claims that involve people with kidney problems. In order to understand how the SSA reviews these claims it is helpful to examine how the kidneys function in the body.
One of the main function of the kidney is removing unusable waste from the blood stream. Kidneys are referred to by the term renal. The body collects waste from the blood stream in a soluble form called urea. The kidneys are a part of the urinary system which removes waste from the body to prevent the waste from building up in the body to the point that it becomes poisonous. The liver makes urea from ammonia which is created by the body by breaking down simple proteins in the bodys cells. The urea goes through the blood picking up waste products and delivers the waste to the kidneys. In the kidneys the urea is mixed with water and acids and passes into the kidney tubules as urine. The urine then passes from the kidneys into the bladder and out of the body.
The kidneys also are endocrine organs. The kidneys secrete chemicals into the blood that help regulate other body functions such as blood pressure and the production of red blood cells.
If a patient has undergone a kidney transplant he will be considered to be disabled for 12 months after the transplant and then will be reviewed under a number of clinical tests to see if he still meets the disability standard.
How Common Is Hydronephrosis And What Causes It
Some studies show that as many as 2 percent of all prenatal ultrasound examinations reveal some degree of hydronephrosis, making it one of the most commonly detected abnormalities in pregnancy. Why the ureter becomes blocked during development is unclear. Hydronephrosis is more often seen in males than females.Some studies show that as many as 2 percent of all prenatal ultrasound examinations reveal some degree of hydronephrosis, making it one of the most commonly detected abnormalities in pregnancy. Why the ureter becomes blocked during development is unclear. Hydronephrosis is more often seen in males than females.
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Kidney Problems That Don’t Qualify For Disability
You cannot get disability benefits just because you have a single kidney; only if your solitary kidney is failing and you have the symptoms we discussed above can you get can disability benefits.
Acute kidney failure, which can occur from infection, drug toxicity, or dehydration, is usually reversible and will not last twelve months, which is a requirement for getting Social Security benefits. Thus, it doesn’t qualify for disability benefits.
Non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease , kidney disease that does not yet require maintenance dialysis or a kidney transplant, will not qualify for disability benefits, unless your condition can qualify under the high creatine subcategory or the symptoms affecting your functional capacity subcategory.
Getting Disability Benefits For Kidney Diseases
To qualify for disability benefits, your kidney disease must be expected to last 12 months. In addition, your condition must fall into one of the following scenarios you can use to qualify for disability benefits when you are suffering from renal failure.
- Regular dialysis needed
- High creatine levels combined with symptoms of damage
- Nephrotic syndrome, or
- Symptoms that reduce your capacity for working.
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What Is A Horseshoe Kidney
Horseshoe kidney occurs in about one in 500 children. It occurs during fetal development as the kidneys move into their normal position in the flank area . With horseshoe kidney, however, as the kidneys of the fetus rise from the pelvic area, they fuse together at the lower end or base. By fusing, they form a “U” shape, which gives it the name “horseshoe.”
One-third of individuals with horseshoe kidney will have at least one other anomaly or complication involving the cardiovascular system, the central nervous system, or the genitourinary system, such as the following:
Kidney stones.;Crystals and proteins that form stones in the kidney that may lead to a urinary tract obstruction.
Hydronephrosis. Enlargement of the kidneys that usually results from a urinary tract obstruction.
Wilms tumor. An embryonic tumor of the kidneys that usually occurs during early childhood.
Renal cancer, or polycystic kidney disease
Hydrocephaly and/or spina bifida
Various cardiovascular, gastrointestinal findings , or skeletal problems
Horseshoe kidney can occur alone or in combination with other disorders.
Key Points About Horseshoe Kidney In Children
- Horseshoe kidney when the 2 kidneys join together at the bottom to form a U shape like a horseshoe. It is also known as renal fusion.
- The condition occurs when a baby is growing in the womb, as the babys kidneys move into place. Horseshoe kidney can occur alone or with other disorders.
- Researchers arent sure exactly why horseshoe kidney occurs. It may be caused by a problem with chromosomes. Horseshoe kidney can occur along with some genetic disorders, such as Turner syndrome and Edward syndrome.
- About 1 out of 3 of children with horseshoe kidney will have a problem with the heart and blood vessels, nervous system, or genitourinary system.;
- The condition cant be changed or cured. But a child with no symptoms may not need any treatment. If your child has symptoms or related problems, those will be treated.
- A child with horseshoe kidney is more at risk of kidney injury. A child with horseshoe kidney may need to not play contact sports.
How Will My Pregnancy Be Managed If Hydronephrosis Is Detected
You will have an in-depth ultrasound study to confirm the diagnosis and evaluate the kidneys and bladder closely to ensure no other abnormalities are present. The ultrasound will be performed by a Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialist, an obstetrician with expertise in prenatal ultrasound and high-risk pregnancy. Many times a pediatric urologist will also review the findings with you and discuss possible treatment after birth. If you choose, amniocentesis will be performed to rule out a chromosomal abnormality, such as Trisomy 21, in the baby. You will have periodic sonograms to monitor the babys kidneys and fluid. Ultrasounds may be repeated every 2 to 3 weeks to check the obstruction and level of amniotic fluid in cases of bilateral UPJ obstruction or when a kidney is missing or cystic in appearance.
What Are The Possible Complications Of Horseshoe Kidney In A Child
About 1 out of 3 of children with horseshoe kidney will have a problem with the heart and blood vessels, nervous system, or genitourinary system.;These problems may include:
- Hydronephrosis.;This is swelling of the kidneys caused by a buildup of urine. It can happen because of a urinary tract blockage.
- Wilms tumor.;This is a tumor of the kidneys that can occur in early childhood.
- Kidney;cancer.;This is when cells grow uncontrolled into lumps in the kidney.
- Polycystic kidney disease.;This disease causes many fluid-filled pouches to form inside the kidneys.
- Hydrocephaly.;This is extra fluid on the brain.
- Spina bifida.;This is a type of neural tube defect, where part of the spinal cord forms abnormally.
Horseshoe kidney can also occur along with other problems with the heart and blood vessels, digestive system, or bones.
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Complications And Prognosis Of Horseshoe Kidney
Horseshoe kidney is the congenital anomalies with the alliance of the two metanephrogenic tissues. Due to the alliance of the two kidneys occur before the rotation, so the kidneys and ureter always toward the front. With the renal malformations, what kinds of complications horseshoe kidney patients need to bear and what is the prognosis. This article will have a simple introduction about the horseshoe kidney, and patients should pay more attention to their physical changes in their daily life.
Complications and symptoms of Horseshoe kidney
Some patients live like a common people without any symptoms. And patients with clinic symptoms often can be divided into three kinds: one is the back pains, umbilical region pains or abdominal mass; one is the gastrointestinal disorders such as abdominal distension, constipation and so on; and the other one is the urinary system complications such as urine tract infection, hydronephrosis, kidney stone, frequent urination, blood urine and so on.
The prognosis of Horseshoe kidney
Living with horseshoe kidney
Patients who want to live a healthy life need have a regular test about their physical condition and keep a healthy lifestyle. In their daily life, they should eat the light foods, fresh fruits and vegetables, balance the foods nutrition intake and have proper fluids intake, avoid stimulated foods, spicy foods, unhealthy foods and so on.
Symptoms Affecting Your Functional Capacity
If you don’t qualify under one of the above four subcategories of kidney problems, the SSA will consider your symptoms and impairments to see how much they impair your daily activities and if there is any kind of work you could do.
Many patients suffering from chronic kidney disease suffer from fatigue, anemia, and/or lack of appetite, and they often develop mobility problems â even though they aren’t yet a candidate for regular dialysis or a transplant. Tell your doctor and the SSA of the various symptoms caused by your kidney disease. The SSA will give you a rating of the type of work it thinks you can do , called your residual functional capacity , and then will look at your age, education, and work experience to see if you can do any type of work or if you can’t be expected to work given your symptoms, age, experience, and education. For instance, if you are 50 years old, have only done what’s considered “unskilled work,” and you didn’t graduate from high school, the SSA is likely to grant you disability benefits if you’ve been given an RFC of sedentary work because of fatigue, anemia, and bone pain caused by your kidney disease.
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Is Medullary Sponge Kidney Dangerous
Is medullary sponge kidney dangerous? MSK is usually a benign disorder without any symptoms, but it can lead to other problems, such as urinary tract infections and kidney stones, as a result of the urine flow being blocked. In many cases, MSK does not cause symptoms or problems, but when it does it usually happens during adulthood.
Is medullary sponge kidney fatal?;Medullary sponge kidney is a condition where cysts develop in the urine-collecting ducts and tubules of one or both kidneys. The exact cause of medullary sponge kidney is unknown and there is no cure. Medical treatment aims to manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.
Is medullary sponge kidney life threatening?;Medullary sponge kidney rarely leads to more serious problems, such as chronic kidney disease or kidney failure.
Are kidney sponges dangerous?;Medullary sponge kidney is usually a benign disorder without any serious morbidity or mortality. However, renal insufficiency may occur in as many as 10% of patients with the disorder. Occasionally, patients can have recurrent nephrolithiasis, which can lead to significant morbidity.
What Is A Characteristic Of Medullary Sponge Kidney
Anatomically it is characterized by cystic dilatation of the renal medullary collecting ducts. These numerous small cysts range in diameter from 1 to 8 millimeters and give the kidney, when cut, the appearance of a sponge, thus the name. Medullary sponge kidney is usually bilateral but can affect only one kidney.
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What Are Social Security Disability Benefits
The SSA offers two forms of benefits for people with disabilities. The medical criteria that must be met for you to be deemed eligible for disability benefits are the same for both programs. The technical requirements, however, differ between the two.;
The first type of benefit, Social Security Disability Insurance , has eligibility criteria that are based on your previous work history. To be eligible for SSDI, you must have worked recently and for a long enough time at a job that required you to pay Social Security taxes. This is because SSDI is funded by taxpayers dollars, so only those who contribute to the system may receive benefits. The SSA calculates the amount you may receive each month by averaging your previous incomes. The average payment for SSDI recipients is $1,100 per month, with a maximum of about $2,600.
The second type of benefit, Supplementary Security Income , is needs-based. It is only available to people who have very limited income and resources. To be eligible, an individual may earn up to;$733 per month and have assets valued up to $2,000. A couple may earn up to $1,100 per month and have assets valued up to $3,000. Applicable assets include cash, stocks and life insurance, but do NOT include one primary home and one vehicle.
How Is Horseshoe Kidney Treated
About;1 in 3;children with horseshoe kidney disease have;no symptoms.;In asymptomatic cases, no treatment is required.
Renal fusion cannot be;cured or changed;.;It is a congenital condition and is a condition where the kidneys fuse.
For horseshoe kidney treatment, you should consult doctors with expertise in:
Treatments to be applied for horseshoe kidney treatment;;will depend on the patients symptoms, age, and general health.
Antibiotic treatment will be applied for;urinary tract infections;and all the conditions that you need to pay attention to will be conveyed to you.
If there are;kidney stones;, necessary treatments will be applied.;Talk to your doctor about the points you need to pay attention to in order to prevent kidney stone formation.
The;cause of;hydronephrosis;will be identified and eliminated.;In this way, the symptoms of hydronephrosis will regress.
|All interventions for horseshoe kidney treatment are symptomatic.;Renal fusion poses a risk for various diseases.;It is not a problem in itself.|
Horseshoe kidney surgery;can be performed;for renal fusion causing severe symptoms and complaints;.;Horseshoe kidney surgery is not performed unless necessary because it is life-threatening.
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Normal Human Kidney Development
When we are in an embryonic stage and developing into a full-fledged human being, our kidneys go through three;stages of development before a fully functional and mature kidney is formed:
Imagine a primordial soup of cells and primitive structures which will conglomerate together into a fully functional developed kidney. The metanephros stage is achieved by about 6 weeks of gestation. It is composed of the so-called “metanephric mesenchyme” and a “ureteral bud.” These structures will eventually form the kidney and the ureter.
Why do we need to understand this formative process? Well, once we appreciate that the human kidney undergoes certain structural and positional changes until it culminates in its final form, it becomes easier to understand an abnormality like the horseshoe kidney. It is therefore interesting to note that the above-described metanephros stage is actually positioned in our pelvis, and not where a mature kidney lies !
Now that we have an overview of the formation of the human kidneys, we can begin to realize that any disruptions with the rotation or migration processes will mean that not only could our kidneys be located in a wrong location, they also could perhaps end up being fused into one mass, rather than distinct right and left kidneys.